The state with promotion of internal and external forces in international integration in vietnam currently

Firstly, the State needs to perform well foreign affairs, enlarge foreign relationship, combine firmly foreign politics and foreign economy, and perform well foreign information affairs. Secondly, the State must perform actively international commitments between Vietnam and countries in the world and in are, ensure national prestige to the world. Thirdly, the State continues to reform administration, complete legal corridor in accordance with international practice. This is the effective measure to create a clear, convenient environment for promoting internal and external force effectively.

pdf26 trang | Chia sẻ: aquilety | Ngày: 30/03/2015 | Lượt xem: 1143 | Lượt tải: 0download
Bạn đang xem nội dung tài liệu The state with promotion of internal and external forces in international integration in vietnam currently, để tải tài liệu về máy bạn click vào nút DOWNLOAD ở trên
rnal forces: External forces are overall external material and spiritual strength of the nation including factors such as capital, technical science, technology, managerial level and skills, etc. Similar to concept of internal forces, concept of external forces is a wide concept which always moves and changes following awareness level, opinion, development requirement and orientation of each country. Under different research viewpoints, in different historical - particular contexts, each scientist may mention different concepts of external forces. Therefore, we cannot have a common concept of external forces for all circumstances, all countries but we must be aware of external forces in movement, development, particular circumstance, and in the relationship with internal forces and other resources. Within scope of the dissertation, this work has no condition to research, evaluate roles and impacts of each external force on development of the country but focuses on clarifying roles of the State in promoting, exploiting, using external forces to build and develop our country currently. * Promotion of internal and external forces With opinion on internal forces and external forces as mentioned above, it is possible to generalize the opinion on “promotion of internal forces”, “promotion of external forces”, “promotion of internal and external forces” as follows: Promotion of internal forces is creating favourable conditions to mobilize, exploit, use and develop resources inside the country in order to build and develop the country. Promotion of external forces is creating favourable conditions to attract, exploit, use and develop external resources of the country to support the construction and development of the country. Promotion of internal and external forces is creating favourable conditions to exploit efficiently material and spiritual values of countries all over the world in connection with strength of material and spiritual conditions inside the country to create a general strength for development. 9 The given issue is that promoting internal forces and external forces must assure rapid growth in parallel with sustainable development; this means that rapid growth must connect to maintenance and creation of prerequisites and resources for long-term development of the country. This depends much on roles of the State in regulating, exploiting and using reasonably internal and external forces for development. Therefore, the dissertation will focus on researching roles of the State in creating environment, condition, regime, policy so that internal and external forces can be promoted in the most efficient way assuring rapid and sustainable development. 2.1.2. Dialectical relationship between internal forces and external forces Everything, every phenomenon is governed by internal and external relationships of that thing or phenomenon. Internal relationships play a decisive role in the development of the phenomenon while external relationships play a role of impact which is either promoting or limiting the development of the phenomenon. The development in our country currently is profoundly impacted by internal forces - internal resources of the nation and external forces - external resources of the nation. Internal forces and external forces have a profound dialectical relationship in which internal force is the decisive factor towards external forces and development of the country, while external force plays an important role impacting internal forces; external forces are only efficient through internal forces; it may promote or limit internal forces. Considering roles of internal forces and external forces in development, our Party specifies: “Promoting internal forces and national strength is the decisive factor and taking advantage of external forces and strength of the age is the important factor for rapid and sustainable development and construction of an independent and self-control economy”. In the relationship between internal forces and external forces, internal force is always the decisive factor towards external forces and development of the nation. The movement and development of components constituting internal forces and their mutual impact bring about the movement and development of overall internal forces, promote and decide on the development of the country. Internal forces are decisive towards external forces at the point that the movement and development of internal forces place an objective requirement on attracting external forces at different levels: which main external forces to attract, how the scale and speed of attraction is, etc. In fact, each country bases on its own internal forces and development level of internal forces to establish plan, strategy of attracting necessary external forces for development. In the relationship with internal forces, external forces play an important role in contributing to the development of each country. External forces may impact, assist, supplement and develop internal forces but it may also limit, hold back internal forces and negatively impact the development of the country. 10 External forces are valuable resources; if they are exploited and used reasonably, they will support internal forces creating conditions to mobilize and use domestic resources efficiently and promote the formation of reasonable economic structure in the direction of industrialization and modernization; complete economic growth targets, develop comprehensively cultural and social aspects, orient to the target of rapid and sustainable development. External forces with the nature of resources outside the nation can only uphold their roles towards development of that nation through internal forces. External forces cannot be promoted without using internal forces, external forces cannot promote development of the country if they are not turned into internal forces. Abundant capital sources of powerful countries have no significance towards development of the country if we do not know how to mobilize, exploit and use reasonably. Notwithstanding how advanced the world science and technology are, if we do not have sufficient qualified human resources to acquire and apply, it cannot contribute to the development of the country, etc. However, not all external forces enrich internal forces; there are external forces having potential of weakening internal forces; external forces with conspiracy of opposing, destroying our country, governing the economy, exploiting natural resources exhaustedly, destroying the environment, etc. Currently, the context of international integration creates conditions so that countries have more and more profound mutual influence and dependence. That is an objective prerequisite for the closer and closer dialectical relationship between internal forces and external forces. In international integration, each change of external forces may affect internal forces and vice versa; each development step of internal forces will increase the capacity of exploiting and using external forces efficiently. The strong transition in capital, science and technology, human resource, natural resources, etc. among countries in integration condition makes internal forces and external forces penetrate and transform each other easily that may promote or limit the development. That places a requirement of having policies and measures to promote internal and external forces and limit negative impacts of the integration process towards the development. 2.2. Necessity of promoting internal forces and external forces in international integration in Vietnam currently Promoting internal forces and external forces is one of the important lessons in the development which is summarized and affirmed by our Party many times. That is an objective requirement, decisive factor wards the success of Vietnam in building the country and in active and positive international integration currently. Firstly, promoting internal forces and external forces in international integration is to inherit the lesson of “combining strength of the nation and strength of the age” Secondly, promoting internal forces and external forces is the essential requirement of international integration 11 Thirdly, promoting internal forces and external forces helps Vietnam take advantage of opportunity, overcome challenges in integration period to develop 2.3. Main expressions of roles of the State in promoting internal forces and external forces in international integration in Vietnam currently 2.3.1. The State creates environment and condition to promote internal and external forces A stable and developed economic, political, cultural - social environment is the prerequisite for all resources inside the country to be promoted and also creates attraction of domestic environment for international investment and cooperation to lure external forces. Therefore, building a stable and developed economic, political, cultural - social environment becomes requirement, content, task of the state in promoting internal and external forces. Firstly, the State keeps politics and national security stable to create prerequisite for all resources of the country to develop. Secondly, the State promotes domestic economic strength in conformity with development trend of the international economy. Thirdly, the State develops culture, society creating healthy and advanced environment to promote internal forces. Fourthly, the State establishes legal corridor, renovates administration creating clear and transparent environment to promote all resources. 2.3.2. The State establishes and expands international relationship to actively attract external forces Beside promotion of internal forces, creation of attractive investment environment, the State also plays an important role in establishing and expanding international relationship to actively attract external forces by many policies and measures such as: positively popularizing national internal forces, actively negotiating, signing bilateral and multilateral agreements, implementing international commitments, forming prestige and position of Vietnam in international scope. That role is particularly expressed as follows: Firstly, the State carries out the task of information - foreign affairs to positively informing, popularizing the attractive environment created from internal forces. Secondly, the State carries out international commitments, positively attracts external forces Thirdly, the State gives out policies, measures to promote Vietnamese human resources in foreign countries under many forms and measures such as: raising development funds, appealing, mobilizing compatriots in foreign countries to invest in construction of the home country, etc. 2.3.3. The State exploits and uses the internal and external forces for building and developing the country The exploitation and use of the internal and external forces are significantly meaningful for the country development, it does help us not only to get rapid 12 growth, but only to preserve resources for sustainable development. The State's roles in exploiting and using the internal and external forces are shown that the State promulgates mechanisms, policies, laws and regulations for exploiting and using which internal force or external force; investing such force for which field, giving priority for which field (production, business, capital construction of infrastructure or social issues); allocating resources to each economic zone, each industry and each region and so on. The State's roles in promoting the internal and external forces for the country development are shown at all aspects of the socio-economic life. It is not conditional for this dissertation to review and evaluation the exploitation and use of the internal and external forces in all fields, but to focus on analyzing and evaluating the State's role in using some important resources for development, that are manpower, capital, science and technology in the status of a force of production, which decide the current development of our society and economy and are decisive factors for the country development in depth at present. 2.3.4. The State orients sustainable promotion of the internal and external forces to ensure targets of the country development The State on one hand creates environment and conditions for promoting the internal force, enhancing its attractiveness, strengthening international cooperation to attract the external force; exploiting and using the internal and external forces; on other hand apply orientation measures so that promoting the internal and external forces is maintained and gains sustainable output in the next stage, assures to reach targets and strategies for the country development. In order to carry out this role, the State applies effective tools as follows: Firstly, the State orients the promotion of the internal and external forces by strategies, schedules and plans. Secondly, the state orients the promotion of the internal force with macro regulating tools. Sub-conclusion of chapter 2 Promoting the internal and external forces and resources for development is the content that many scientists have researched and discussed at different approach aspects. During the course of the international integration, promotion of the internal and external forces is requirement for development at our country. Thus, in the Chapter 2 of this Dissertation, the author present his perspective on the internal and external forces and their promotion; the necessity of promoting the internal and external forces in the international integration. The international integration is a very complicated course with great opportunities and challenges that influence the promotion of the internal and external forces. In order to develop benefits and diminish negative impacts of the external force toward the internal forces of the nation in the current trends of globalization and the international integration, it is necessary to enhance the State's roles of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam in promoting the internal and 13 external forces. This is why in this chapter, the author has focused on learning manifestation of the State's roles in promoting the internal and external forces, that are: the State creates environment and conditions for promoting the internal and external forces; the State establishes and expands the international relation to proactively attract the external force; the State combines the internal force and the external force on the basis of promoting the internal force, and making the external force be the internal force; the state orients sustainable development of the internal and external forces to assure the development targets of our country. Such above mentioned contents are basis for the author to study in depth and to assess the status of the State's roles for the development of the internal and external forces of Vietnam in the international integration at the next chapter. Chapter 3 ROLES OF THE STATE FOR PROMOTING THE INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL FORCES IN INTERNATIONAL INTEGRATION IN VIETNAM: REALITY AND SOME PROBLEMS TO BE ADDRESSED 3.1. Status of the State's roles for promoting the internal and external forces in international integration 3.1.1. Status of the State's roles in creating environment and conditions for promoting the internal and external forces In this respect, this dissertation focuses on clarifying status of the State's roles in creating environment and condition for promoting the internal and external forces by surveying and assessing status of the State's role on four basic scales, which are: - Status of the State's role in maintaining political stability and national security for promoting all resources of the country. - Status of the State's role in promoting national economic power properly with the trend of international economic development. - Status of the State's role in cultural and social development, creating internal spirit force of the nation. - Status of the State's role in completing legal framework, administration reform, creating transparent and clear environment. From the assessment of the status of the State's roles in this respect, it can make general assessment on the State's roles in creating environment and conditions for promoting the internal and external forces. In details: After nearly 30 years of renovation, open-door policy and international cooperation, under the Party's leadership, the State shows its great role in creating environment and conditions for promoting internal force of the nation, stimulating development of all potential and strong points at home. With active role of the State, progression has been made in political, economic, cultural, social and legal environments and national administration: politics and national 14 security are ensured; independence, sovereignty, unity and unity and territorial integrity are maintained. Culture and society make progression in various aspects. Economy takes continuous growth in active direction; Institution of socialism- oriented market economy is established. Thanks to these, position and strength of the nation are more powerful, the national position is more and more affirmed in the international arena. Vietnam is becoming an attractive destination, safe and effective environment for investment for many countries worldwide. However, such status also shows that the State's roles in creating environment for promotion of the internal and external forces are exposed to certain restrictions and weakness in term of managerial qualification and competence, structural organization and personnel, which form barriers regarding environment and conditions for internal force promotion, reduce attractiveness of domestic environment toward sources of the external force, international investors and friends, influence the existing promotion of the internal and external forces. 3.1.2. Status of the State's roles in developing and expanding international relationship for actively attracting external force. Firstly, in the current background of international integration, in order to expand international relationship, to boost up international cooperation, external activities in general and external information in particular are taken attention by the State for the purpose of information, promotion, introduction with images and attractive environment for investment of the nation to international friends. The State unceasingly perfects policies, laws and external information mechanism; it is constantly proactive to promote the national image in many forms and manners. With performance of external information, proactive promotion on internal force of the country by the State, majority of international friends have known about a dynamic Vietnam who is rising powerfully, is peaceful, sustainable and developing, a responsible member of the international community, safe and effective environment for investment, attractive destination of partners worldwide. From being besieged and embargoed so far, now Vietnam has diplomatic relations with 180/193 member states of the United Nations; has trade relations with nearly 230 countries and territories; is an active member of more than 70 regional and international organizations. We have 98 representative agencies in countries and territories across five continents in the world. Beside such achievements, there are still some restrictions in external work in general and external information work in particular that are necessary for remedy: delay in thinking renovation on some international issues; not actually proactive and keen in information treatment and promotion; poor form of promotion, not available methodical projects for information communication; restricted forecast of situation of the world, the region and strategies of big countries; unclose coordination mechanisms among public agencies and press agencies. Such reality makes information of promoting the national internal force 15 not actually proactive. Some countries in the world even misunderstand and know insufficiently about Vietnam, about politics, society, religion and human right, etc. This is why some investors are still hesitant to invest in our country. It reduces efficiency of external work in general and external information in particular in our country. Secondly, to proactively attract external force, the State have implemented international commitments to create the national prestige and legal conditions to attract attention and investment from international partners. In the past years, the State has performed various commitments, agreements with international and regional countries and organizations, which focus on trade, taxation, grants for development and banking. Vietnam do not only sign commitments and treaties with socialist countries and those who have traditional relation, but also increasingly expand her relations in the world; commit not only with nations but also with regions, international organizations; commit not only with aspects of the national development but also with addressing global problems. In addition, the State also has various active policies for overseas- Vietnamese people to promote such precious resources for the national development, for instance: caring and protecting Vietnamese communities in foreign countries; motivating overseas compatriots to return to homeland for investing to build the homeland, fundraising for the poor, Orange Agent victims, and support of socio-economic development of the nation... Nevertheless, the State's roles in implementing international commitments, manners for promoting resources of overseas-Vietnamese people still show certain restrictions that are barrier against attractive and opening feature of our environment for investment, make attraction of external force not proactive. In term of awareness, not less public agencies and enterprises lack understanding about content of commitments, steps, roadmaps for commitment performance and international integration. Actually, developing an overall strategy, preparing conditions for all aspects such as law, economy, manpower training, etc. to take the initiative and to be ready for adapting with international commitments are still delay as compared with requirements. The State lacks complete legal mechanism and policies for fostering enterprises and other components to enhance competence to meet requirements for performing international commitments. In addition, fostering works to be done under roadmap of bilateral or multilateral commitments by majority of agencies and enterprises is still delayed and not reliable, and so on. Foreign investment attraction gains good results but it is not sustainable, stable because of impacts of economic situation in each stage in the world. Without consistent strategies, policies and long- term vision, investment and development will be passive, influencing assurance of the independent and self-controlled economy. 3.1.3. Status of the State's roles in exploiting and using the internal and external forces From analysis and assessment of status of the State's roles in exploiting and using manpower, capital, sciences and technologies, that are the most important 16 resources for the national in-deep development, it can generalize and evaluate the State's role in exploiting and using the internal and external forces as below: Generally, the State have had many active mechanisms, policies and manners for exploiting and using the internal and external forces, for better results of socio-economic development. Resources for developments are mobilized more and more increasingly to meet better requirements of development. Many resources have been exploited and used more latterly than other countries in the world, but have made longer advance as compared to various countries (in the field of technology, information, telecommunication, etc.) which actively contribute to the national development. However, certain restrictions and weakness in term of managerial qualification and competence, structural organization of the State make the exploitation and use of the internal and external forces not corresponding with potentials and opportunities; many resources are lost and wasted; requirements for promoting the internal and external forces for active and proactive integration to the world have not been met to assure that rapid development pertains to sustainable one. 3.1.4. Status of the State's roles in orienting sustainable development of the internal and external forces to assure development objective of the nation. To manage, orient and stimulate promotion of resources for development at next stages, the State applies basic management tools like plans, strategies, macro policies and economic leverage. Through assessment on status of the State's role in orienting the promotion of the internal and external forces with plans, strategies, macro policies and economic leverage, it can be commented as follows: By applying legal tools, planning, macro regulation policies, the State has managed better and better resources for development, also oriented for promotion of the internal and external forces appropriately with the national strategy for socio-economic development; stimulated combination of the internal and external forces in harmonization, effectiveness and solidity and continuous development in the next stages. However, on one hand, the State's restrictions in using such tools also limit scientific and logic nature in exploiting and allocating resources: weak control that causes waste in budget expenditure and social consumption; non-reasonable mechanism for development as compared to actual requirements of each region as well as the national great balance for short-term, middle and long-term visions. On other hand, lack of an overall and permanent plan also reduces the State's role in orienting and stimulating promotion of the internal and external forces. 3.2. Some problems to be addressed by the State in promoting the internal and external forces in the current stage of integration From such above mentioned status, with achievements and on-going restrictions and weakness, the State's roles in promoting the internal and external forces in the 17 condition of integration confront with very critical matters, that are the very contradictions resulted from the course of the internal and external force promotion, international integration, direction to sustainable development of the country. Firstly, contradictions among the socialism-oriented roles of the State with spontaneous trends of capitalism result from the promotion of the internal and external forces in the market economy and international integration. The Party's guideline on developing the socialism-oriented market economy, that was formed at the VI National Delegate Conference in 1986, is the throughout perspective affirmed by the Party so far. It is orientation and requirement for the country's development. Nevertheless, the course of promotion of the internal and external forces in international integration has created objective premises for formation of capitalist trends spontaneously. This is the contradiction influencing orientation of development for a nation, the State is required to enhance the role of management and regulation upon the promotion of the internal and external forces for addressing it. Secondly, contradictions among national and international institutions when the State is promoting the internal and external force, actively integrating in the world. The promotion of the internal and external forces requires that, on one hand, we have to focus on promoting all potentials and strong points at home, build and develop the country on the basis of national institutions in an effort to assure national interests, maintain independence and self-control in the economic development; maintain national characters in the cultural development; solve security matters, political and social issues; protect legitimate interests and rights of every Vietnamese citizen through legislations and legal norms of the nation. On the other hand, the promotion of the internal and external forces must also comply with international institutions, contribute to solve global issues, harmonize the national benefits and international issues. Thus, during the course of promoting the internal and external forces in the international integration, the State must often pay attention to addressing contradictions among the national institutions and international ones. Thirdly, contradictions between requirements of enhancing the State’s roles toward the promotion of the internal and external forces in the international integration and the existing restrictions of the State. From such above mentioned contradictions, it shows that the course of promotion of the internal and external forces in the past years result in potential risks that threaten and influence directly the role and range of impact of the State, hence the State is required to renovate itself, to enhance its competence for addressing such contradictions. Alternatively, the promotion of the internal and external forces confronts with various difficulties and it is required to enhance the State’s roles to effectively perform such important task. 18 Sub-conclusion of Chapter 3 After nearly 30 years of renovation performance, under the Party’s leadership, our State has gained many achievements in promoting the internal and external forces, been active and proactive in international integration. The State unceasingly realize the Party’s guidelines on promoting the internal and external forces, proactive in international integration by various policies and manners, increasingly developing strength of the internal force; proactively attracting many sources of the external forces; exploiting and using more and more effectively sources of the external forces, also orienting and stimulating combination of the internal and external forces to become expanded and sustainable. Beside gained achievements, the State’s roles in promoting the internal and external forces also expose many restrictions like: cumbersome apparatus, slow adaption with variations in the world; unsatisfactory macro management and regulation levels of the State toward requirements of the promotion of the internal and external forces; inconsistent legislation and policies; less renovated personnel works; confused and less proactive organization and performance of promoting the internal and external forces; corruption and wasting, which are barriers toward the promotion of the internal and external forces. The State’s restrictions result in unsatisfactory output of the promotion of the internal and external forces. In detail: There are still many limits and shortcomings in creating environment for promoting the internal and external forces, which make the national internal force has not developed sufficiently and correspondingly with potentials and strong points of the nation, not met requirements of integration practice. Some internal forces are exposed and promoted but not powerfully and have not created solid basis for sustainable development. As evaluated by the Party, the promotion of the internal and external forces is “still under development capability of the country, meanwhile socio-economic activities are still shortcoming”. Attracting the external force has not been actually active, but passive and confused toward situations and contingency in relation with international law, practice and problems to be addressed in relation and cooperation with other countries. We have not established actually stable, permanent and solid relations with big countries; have not developed relations with intertwined, interdependent interests with such countries. We have not properly respected and actively attracted indirect foreign investments. International opinions have not taken into account when solving some domestic issues; slow performance of commitments and trade agreement; limited perfection of legal framework and administrative reform, etc. less or more diminish attractiveness of the investment environment, reduce effectiveness, activeness and proactive of policies and methods of attracting the external force of the State. 19 The exploitation and use of the internal and external forces have not been actually effective, but caused significant loss and waste, have not met requirements of sustainable development of resources. Allocation, exploitation and use of the internal and external forces have not been scientific and reasonable, but scattered and less focused for industries, regions and some field of the life. Many external forces suffer from delayed disbursement, lack of efficiency and transparency which diminish faith of investors. In some specific cases, the combination of the internal and external forces has been established but not sustainably or gone into tailspin due to violation of relevant individuals and organizations. We lack actually proactive roadmaps for orienting promotion and combination of the internal and external forces; strategies of foreign loans and return have not been well prepared and so on. These are obstacles and challenges for developing all resources for construction and sustainable development of the country in the future. Chapter 4 SOME MAIN VIEWPOINTS AND MEASURES FOR ENHANCING ROLE OF THE STATE IN PROMOTING INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL FORCE IN INTERNATIONAL INTEGRATION IN VIETNAM CURRENTLY 4.1. Some principled viewpoints for the State in promoting internal and external force in international integration in Vietnam currently 4.1.1. The State performs the promotion of internal and external force for rapid and sustainable development Rapid development must go together with enhancing sustainability, which is the compulsory requirement for socioeconomic development of Vietnam in the current trend of integration. Therefore, ensuring rapid and sustainable development for the country is the principled requirement, point of view for the State in promoting internal and external force to build the country. The State’s promotion of internal and external forces must ensure rapid and sustainable development requirements. That means the State must ensure effectiveness of promoting internal and external force in both micro and macro level, in both long term and short term, including impacts of promoting internal and external force in overall and in each field of the life. The State must care about economic growth associated with enhancing quality, effectiveness and competitiveness of the economy; specially appreciate development elements by the depth while exploiting development elements by the width; attach economic growth to cultural development, comprehensive development for human beings, perform democracy, social equality and progress, narrow step by step the development distance between regions; appreciate, protect and improve natural resources and environment in each step of development; go together with ensuring political and social stability on developing economy, consider it as condition, prerequisite for rapid and sustainable development. 20 Besides, promotion of internal and external force to ensure rapid and sustainable development can be only obtained when the State knows how to make use of all opportunities created by objective conditions, take advantage of all external forces on the basis of promoting internal forces at first; considers promotion of internal force as the decisive factor and external force as the promoting one for socio-economic development of the country, external forces only display effectiveness through internal forces. 4.1.2. The State performs promotion of internal and external force to ensure development of market economy oriented to socialism In the process of promoting internal and external force, the State must ensure building and development of market economy oriented to socialism. To gain such things, the State needs to pay attention to some points: Firstly, promotion of internal and external force must be performed on the basis of Marxism - Leninism, Ho Chi Minh Ideology, under leadership of Communist Party of Vietnam. Secondly, the State promoting internal and external force must create conditions to build up rapidly and synchronously elements of the market economy and institution system of market economy oriented to socialism, perform principles of the market, promote production capacity in the country, and serve socioeconomic development. Simultaneously, the more market economy is applied, the more welfare, employment, poverty-alleviation, development of education, culture, health care for people are needed. Thirdly, the State promoting internal and external force must ensure independence, self-control, initiative of international integration of the economy. 4.1.3. The State promoting internal and external force must ensure harmonious combination between national and international benefit To promote internal force, take advantage of external force, the State must ensure principle of promotion of internal and external force on the basis of ensuring harmonious combination between national and international benefit. While solving national problems on the basis of national institution and law, the State must simultaneously ensure basic national rights, equality, friendship, mutual benefit to solve international and global matters for the purpose of national peace, independence, democracy and social progress. This principle lays the foundation for the guideline of multi-lateralization, diversification of foreign relationship, international cooperation of the Party and State. 4.2. Some groups of basic measures to enhance the role of the State for promoting internal and external force in the international integration in current Vietnam 4.2.1. Groups of measures on learning international experience in promoting internal and external force Firstly, learn experience to enhance the role of the State in concentrating in building up the country, promoting internal force, create the firm basis for the development. 21 Secondly, learn experience to enlarge international relationship, take advantage of all external forces for the development Thirdly, learn experience to build up the strategy of using, distribute internal and external force scientifically and effectively 4.2.2. Groups of measures to enhance State management capacity for promoting internal and external force Firstly, innovate, strengthen State apparatus organization obviously, powerfully, simply, orderly, neatly, operate effectively and efficiently to meet complicated requirements of combining internal and external force. Secondly, build up, complete law, policy, macro management instruments of the State in accordance with the reality of the country and law, international practice. Thirdly, enhance capacity, qualification, quality, innovate style of work of State officers, civil servants Fourthly, enhance capacity and effectiveness of performance organization of the State for promoting internal and external force 4.2.3. Groups of solutions to promote roles of the State in attracting external force Firstly, the State needs to perform well foreign affairs, enlarge foreign relationship, combine firmly foreign politics and foreign economy, and perform well foreign information affairs. Secondly, the State must perform actively international commitments between Vietnam and countries in the world and in are, ensure national prestige to the world. Thirdly, the State continues to reform administration, complete legal corridor in accordance with international practice. This is the effective measure to create a clear, convenient environment for promoting internal and external force effectively. 4.2.4. Groups of solutions to promote roles of the State in exploiting, using effectively resources on the basis of promoting internal force and internalizing external forces Firstly, the State promotes all potentials, national advantages, creates a convenient environment for internal and external force to be promoted. Secondly, the State promotes democracy and power of national solidarity block in the promoting internal and external force Thirdly, the State innovates and enhances effectiveness of management instruments, macroeconomic policy to exploit, use internal and external forces effectively Sub-conclusion of chapter 4 From the reality and matters for the State in promoting internal and external force, from international experience to apply to the Vietnamese reality, Chapter 4 focuses on analyzing, showing principled viewpoints and proposes main 22 measures to stimulate role of the State in promoting internal and external force to build up the country in the current context of integration. To promote internal and external force for meeting objective requirements of the reality, the State must perform principled viewpoints as follows: The State promoting internal and external force must ensure rapid and sustainable development of market economy oriented to socialism; the State promotes internal and external force on the basis of equality, friendship, cooperation for mutual benefit for the purpose of peace, national independence, democracy and social progress. To enhance effectiveness in promoting internal and external force, Chapter 4 proposes 04 groups of measures to promote the role of the State, that is: Groups of measures on learning international experience in promoting internal and external force; groups of measures to enhance State management capacity for promoting internal and external force; groups of measures to promote the role of the State in attracting external force; groups of measures to promote the role of the State in exploiting using effectively sources on the basis of promoting internal force and internalizing external force. Complying with principles and perform synchronously the above measures will permit the State to complete well the role of the State in promoting internal and external force to ensure sustainable development and in accordance to orientation in the country in the current integration context. CONCLUSION In the current context of the international integration, the promotion of the internal and external forces is an objective necessity for socio-economic development of Vietnam. The promotion of the internal and external forces creates an overall power so that our country rapidly gains targets and strategies for the country development, of which, the internal force takes a decisive role, meanwhile the external force does a role of supporting and supplementing the internal force, facilitating more effective mobilization and use of the internal force. However, the promotion of the internal and external forces confronts with various challenges and potential risks that can affect our country's development. Thus, to promote effectively the internal and external forces, the roles of management, orientation and regulation of our State are very important. Reality of nearly 30 years of renovation shows the State's achievements in promoting the internal and external forces. With laws, policies, macro regulatory tools; by promoting power of the ethnic united bloc, power of the politic system, under the Party's leadership in the orientation of socialism, the State has gained many achievements in promoting the internal force, developing comparative advantages of the nation; creating attractive environment with the external forces; proactively performing measures and manners of attracting the external force; 23 simultaneously regulating, allocating and using properly resources as per specified orientations and targets for development; continuously stimulating the promotion of the internal force more actively, more deeply and more effectively. To obtain such targets, the State has unceasingly self-renovated and self- cultivated to rise and to meet more and more difficult and complicated requirements of the promotion of the internal and external forces in the current conditions of integration. The cumbersome apparatus, slow adaption with requirements and demands of the reality; limited qualification and competence of officials and employees, unsatisfactory management levels of the state to meet requirements of promoting the internal and external forces; inconsistent and lack legislation and policies; limited enforcement of laws. The status of corruption and wasting that becomes complicated both in scale, number of case and nature of each case is barrier toward the promotion of the internal and external forces. Though the State has exerted itself to promote the internal and external forces, obtained results have not been actually effective and sustainable; the promotion of the internal and external forces has been more active but not proactive, vulnerable for being influenced by the world and the region. Our Party assumes that: "mobilization and use of resources, both internal and external ones which are done for the career of socio-economic development are less effective and not corresponding with our potential, but limit development". The promotion of the internal force has not been corresponding with our nation's potential and strength, has not met requirements of reality in the course of integration. The Party identifies that the promotion of the internal force is “still under development capability of the country, meanwhile socio-economic activities are still shortcoming”. Though attention has been given to attracting the external force, it has not been active, but passive and confused before situations and contingencies related to international laws and practices and also problems set forth in relation and cooperation with other countries. We have not established actually sustainable, permanent and solid relations with big countries; have not developed relations with intertwined, interdependent interests with such countries. We have not properly respected and actively attracted indirect foreign investments. That international opinions have not taken into account when solving some domestic issues; slow performance of commitments and trade agreement; limited perfection of legal framework and administrative reform, etc. less or more diminish attractiveness of the investment environment, reduce effectiveness, activeness and proactive of policies and methods of attracting the external force of the State. The exploitation and use of the internal and external forces have not been actually effective, but caused significant loss and waste, have not met requirements of sustainable development of resources. Allocation, exploitation and use of the internal and external forces have not been scientific and 24 reasonable, but scattered and less focused for industries, regions and some field of the life. Many external forces suffer from delayed disbursement, lack of efficiency and transparency which diminish faith of investors. In some specific cases, the combination of the internal and external forces has been established but not sustainably or gone into tailspin due to violation of relevant individuals and organizations. We lack actually proactive roadmaps for orienting promotion and combination of the internal and external forces; strategies of foreign loans and return have not been well prepared and so on. These are obstacles and challenges for developing all resources for construction and sustainable development of the country in the future. In front of that fact, to affirm its great roles in promoting internal and external forces positively and actively assuring socio-economic development targets and strategies, assuring socialism-orientation and sustainable development of the country, our State needs to assure principles in promotion of internal and external forces; implements synchronously solutions for enhancing roles of the State in promoting internal and external forces; continues renovating, enhancing managerial level to actually be a country of people, by people and for people under leadership of the Party, being solidary, gathering all people to carry out given tasks for promotion of internal and external forces on the basis of correct awareness and application of objective rules of the development in conformity with the reality of the country and international laws and rules; gives out reasonable guidelines and policies stimulating the maximum promotion of resources inside and outside the country for development. The reality since the beginning of country’s renovation, especially since integration period up to now in terms of both positive aspects and limitations of the State in promoting internal and external forces has created valuable experience and lesson for us to promote strength of internal forces, take advantage of external forces on a new height, develop an independent, self- control economy and actively integrate to international economy, successfully implement the career of industrialization and modernization in the shortened way and step by step develop the knowledge economy, bring the country to the target of “rich people, powerful country, democracy, fairness, civilization”.

Các file đính kèm theo tài liệu này:

  • pdfnguyenkimphuong_en_5256.pdf
Luận văn liên quan