Implementation of law on democracy in communes, wards, towns of the central highlands

1. Through concepts, categories of scientific theories and laws of the State, the thesis has developed and analyzed a number of theoretical issues of democracy law in communes, wards and towns such as democracy concept at communes, wards and towns ; law concept of democracy in communes, wards and towns, the legal contents of democracy in communes, wards and towns; concepts, characteristics, implementation of the law form of democracy in communes, wards and towns; role and the conditions ensuring the implementation of the law on democracy in communes, wards and towns; experience in the implementation of democratic law in wards and towns is of valuable reference for the Central Highlands. 2. Based on the theoretical premise, the thesis was a comprehensive n system of law of democracy and democratic law in communes, wards and towns from 1946 to present, indicating achievements and limitations on the form and content of the system. At the same time the analysis and evaluation of specific factors affecting the quality of implementation of the law of democracy in communes, wards and towns in the provinces of the Central Highlands are also taken into consideration. Analysis and evaluation of the pros and cons of implementation of the law, the status of democracy in communes, wards and towns in the Central Highlands provinces in recent years has been carried out, indicating the cause of the advantages and limitations. On that basis, we can draw 6 lessons learned from the implementation of the law on democracy in communes, wards and towns in the provinces of the Central Highlands

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mitations of this reality; 6 lessons from the implementation of the democracy law in communes, wards and towns in the Central Highlands provinces in recent years . - Viewpoints and proposed solutions including general solutions and solutions specific group to ensure implementation of democracy law in communes, wards and towns of Central Highlands provinces. 6. Theoretical and practical meaning of the thesis - In terms of theory The results of the thesis contributes to addressing some theoretical issues currently set for implementation activities in self-determination of the people at the grassroots level, including theoretical issues on implementation of democracy law in communes, wards and towns in the Central Highlands provinces. - In terms of practical meaning The thesis can be used as reference for Party committees, local governments, Front and mass organizations in the Central Highlands provinces to have a basis for planning and directing in comply with democracy law in communes, wards, and towns in the Central Highlands provinces. The thesis will be valuable reference for research and teaching in the Center for Politics and Political fostering of districts in the Central Highlands provinces. 7. Structure of the thesis Besides the introduction, conclusion, list of researchers, the list of references and appendices, the thesis includes 4 chapters, 12. Chapter 1 OVERVIEW OF RESEARCH SITUATION IN RELATION WITH THE SUBJECT 1.1. The research situation in Vietnam Research issues of democracy, democratic law, implementation of democracy law in communes, wards and towns consist of 2 groups: first, research related to democratic and legal law of democracy in communes, wards and towns; second, research related to the implementation of the law and implementing legislation on democracy in communes, wards and towns. 1.2. The situation for international research Research issues of democracy and democratic legislation, implementing legislation has been studied in details. Besides scientists also have projects related to democracy and democratic law on the basis of overseas research including the following two groups: first, the study involved democracy and law on the basis of democracy; second, the research work related to the implementation of the law in general and the implementation of law on the basis of democracy. 1.3. The issues need further study In terms of theory, the research needs to clarify - The concept of democracy in communes, wards and towns, the law of democracy in communes, wards and towns - the conceptual tools to study law concept of democracy implementation in communes, wards and towns. Besides, legal concept of democracy in communes , wards and towns and the content needs to be added to adjust the law on democracy in communes, wards and towns that are not included and should also be further studied and improved. - The concept of implementation of democracy law in communes, wards and towns, the basics to analyze and clarify the content of the actual reasoning of the law on democracy in communes, wards and towns - Rationale of the implementation of the law of democracy in communes, wards and towns, including the characteristics and forms, the factors affecting the role, the conditions to ensure the implementation of civil law in communes, wards and towns ; experience in implementation of democracy in communes, wards and towns of the province with some reference value for the Central Highlands. Regarding practical meaning, the thesis should clarify - Study, assess the process of formation, development, the current status of the democratic law in communes, wards and towns in Vietnam . - Research and analysis to clarify the specific factors affecting the implementation of the law on democracy in communes, wards and towns in the Central Highlands provinces. - Analyze, assess the status of implementation of the law of democracy in communes, wards and towns in the provinces of the Central Highlands in the forms of law implementation, specify the shortcomings, limitations and thereby determine the cause of the current situation, lessons learned in implementing the law on democracy in communes, wards and towns in the provinces of the Central Highlands. From the analysis of theoretical basis and practical implementation of the law of democracy in communes, wards and towns in the provinces of the Central Highlands. The thesis develops arguments and specific solutions to ensure the implementation of the law of democracy in communes, wards and towns in five provinces of the Central Highlands. Conclusion Chapter 1 The results of the first study show that there have been many research works published inside and outside the country, involving the following basic groups of problems: - The research related to performance issues and legislation on democratic democracy in communes, wards and townships: the works in this group refers to a number of theoretical issues and practical implementation of democracy in society; content, implementation mechanisms, implementing some forms of direct democracy; refers to a number of theoretical issues of law democracy in communes, wards and towns. At the same time at different levels of reality works mentioned are the laws of democracy in communes, wards and towns; on that basis, point out the limitations and weaknesses of the law and propose measures to improve the law of democracy in communes, wards and towns. - The research related to the implementation of the law and implementing legislation on democracy in communes, wards and towns: these works are mainly studied in terms of implementation of the law and implementing legislation on democracy in communes, wards and towns; the success, limitations and problems set forth in the construction and implementation of the law on the basis of democracy in general and localities in particular. - The works of international and Vietnamese authors study the implementation issues of democracy, democratic law, implementing the law on the basis of democracy, having reference value for Vietnam. Chapter 2 RATIONALE FOR IMPLEMENTING LEGISLATION ON DEMOCRACY IN COMMUNES, WARDS AND TOWNS 2.1. Concept, regulation content of democracy law in communes, wards and towns 2.1.1. The concept of democracy in communes, wards and towns Democracy in communes, wards and towns is the form that people exercise their right conducted from the commune to village and group level, following the policy: people know, people discuss, people do and people check and benefit in terms of economy, politics, culture for people at the grassroots level in certain forms in accordance with the principles and rules of law. 2.1.2 . Legal concept of democracy in communes, wards and towns Law of democracy in communes, wards and towns is synthesized in the legal system of legal documents by state agencies issued under the authority or coordination with other organizations to adjust social relations, contributing to ensuring democracy, socio-economic development and social stability and order. 2.1.3 . Content governed by the laws of democracy in communes, wards and towns Law on the exercise of democracy in communes, wards and towns includes provisions on the implementation of laws principles of democracy in communes, wards and towns; regulations implementing the law on the rights of democracy in communes, wards and towns; regulations on prohibited behavior and sanctions for violations of the law of democracy in communes, wards and towns. 2.2. Concepts, characteristics, implementation of democracy law in communes, wards and towns 2.2.1. The concept of implementing legislation on democracy in communes, wards and towns Implementation of the law on democracy in communes, wards and towns aims to make the provisions of the law on democracy in communes, wards and towns into actual behavior, expanding and promoting the rights of people, contributing to building a law-governed socialist State. 2.2.2. Characteristics of the implementation of the law on democracy in communes, wards and towns 2.2.2.1. Implementation of the law on democracy in communes, wards and towns conducted by multiple law subjects Implementation of the law on democracy in communes, wards and towns is the legal provisions in many different fields, the responsibility of many people. To make the democracy law effective in communes, wards and towns, legal entities must be incorporated. 2.2.2.2. Implementation of the law on democracy in communes, wards and towns is regularly active, constantly taking place in communes; villages and hamlets and groups Implementation of the law on democracy in communes, wards and towns first is still the principle "all state power belongs to the people" but placed in broader context, namely communes, villages, groups - the residence and activities of the great majority of the strata. This is where people can feel the reality of their ownership at the commune level, which is not the district, provincial and central government. 2.2.2.3. Implementation of the law on democracy in commune, wards and towns have implemented content on all areas of social life Implementation of the law on democracy in communes, wards and town has extensive content, including content on all areas of social life, directly related to the rights and interests of citizens to ensure the law is implemented well in communes, villages and groups. Democratic law also stipulates the construction of rules or social conventions, community, contributed to security and order where villages and hamlets, groups and ensuring the peaceful life of people. 2.2.3. Legal forms to implement democracy in communes, wards and towns Legal compliance in implementing the law on democracy in communes, wards and towns is implementing legal form, in which the legal entity itself is not done to curb the behavior, measures activities of democracy law in communes, wards and towns which are prohibited, not allowed being implemented. "Prohibition" in the legal exercise of democracy in communes is primarily defined in Ordinance Implementing democracy in communes, wards and towns, the Law on Complaints and Denunciation Law, the Law on Ombudsman, Law anti-Corruption, Criminal Law ... Second, the observance of the law of democracy in communes, wards and towns Complying with the laws of democracy in communes, wards and towns is a form of implementing legislation, in which the entity responsible for implementing the law, legal obligation by the positive action provisions Ordinance specified in the exercise of democracy in communes, wards, towns and other legal documents related to the interests and the rights of people. Form of law enforcement is done on the laws and regulations on the principle of responsibility for the implementation of democracy in communes, wards and towns. Third, using the law of democracy in communes, wards and towns Using the law of democracy in communes, wards and towns is a form of implementing measures, subjects performed legal ownership of their self- awareness and a positive way, the law of democracy in communes, wards and towns allowed. The subjects using legal forms are numerous classes of people in communes, wards and towns can use the power of the law to follow their will. Fourth, apply the law of democracy in communes, wards and towns Applying the law of democracy in communes, wards and towns is a form of special legislation. Accordingly, the State through a competent authority or authorities for the organization subject to the legal provisions of the law of democracy in communes, wards or towns themselves based on the provisions of the law to create the democratic decision making, change, suspend or terminate the legal relationship in implementing specific legislation democracy in communes, wards and towns. 2.3. Role and conditions to ensure implementation of the law on democracy in communes, wards and towns 2.3.1. The role of the implementation of the law of democracy in communes, wards and towns 2.3.1.1. Implementation of the law on democracy in communes, wards and towns contributes to building up the rule of law and strong grassroots political system Implementation of the law on democracy in communes, wards and towns, in particular, the biggest impact is the implementation of the law on democratic methods contributing to innovative leadership, executive management towards a democratic, open and transparent, practical stick, overcome bureaucracy, authoritarianism, avoid mistakes, shortcomings of local authorities, especially in management and administration. Active implementation of democracy in coordination with the Vietnam Fatherland Front and mass organizations for capacity building increases prestige, contributing to building a strong base. 2.3.1.2. Implementation of the law on democracy in communes, wards and towns contributes to ensuring the legitimate rights and interests of the people Implementation of the law on democracy in communes, wards and towns contributes to the realization of the views, guidelines and policies of the Party and the state of democracy in practical life of the people at the commune level. The implementation of democratic laws takes place in the field of legal basis, self-employed people but also for the Party, the State with increasingly more practical basis for planning policy, improving the law, people are the true creators of history, have the legitimate rights and interests guaranteed in practice. 2.3.1.3. Implementation of the law on democracy in communes, wards and towns contributes to economic development, cultural, social security and maintain political, social order and safety in the commune Implementation of the law on democracy in communes, wards and towns as a basis for maintaining political security, social order and safety contributes to the function of maintaining social order. Law forbids all acts that lack of democracy, affect the rights and legitimate interests of citizens. With the implementation of democratic law, people are discussing and deciding directly issues of order and security, and building self-regulatory organization, the government is responsible for receiving and resolving complaints of Petition to ensure the democratic rights of the people directly. 2.3.1.4. Implementation of the law on democracy in communes, wards and towns contributes to the fight against bureaucracy, corruption, waste and other negative phenomena With legislation implementing democracy at communes, wards and towns, people have used their ownership to struggle with the negative phenomenon of some people in positions of authority who may have the power advantage to pursue their own interests. Implementation also requires democratic state apparatus to promote administrative reform to serve the people better in the direction closest to the people. 2.3.1.5. Implementation of the law on democracy in communes, wards and towns contributes to mastering skills, promoting self-management of communities, exercising the right of people employed in the construction of new rural areas Law of democracy in communes, wards and towns is to institutionalize people's right to mastery over all aspects of social life. People have been based on the legal provisions in social democracy in the sense of gradual training, competence, mastery of their skills to practise democracy. Implementation of the law on democracy in communes, wards and towns also contribute to people actually perform their ownership in the new rural construction. Construction of new rural area is a content, an important task in implementing the Resolution of the Party Central Committee X (Resolution 26-NQ/TW) in agriculture - rural area - farmers. 2.3.2. These conditions ensure the implementation of the law on democracy in communes, wards and towns 2.3.2.1. Political guarantees Ensure that political and security over political orientation of the Communist Party of Vietnam to implement the law and the law of democracy in communes, wards and towns. Political orientation of the party for the consolidation, expansion and promotion of socialist democracy in general and the law of democracy in communes, wards and towns in particular expressed primarily in the degree of concern and perceptions of the leadership of the party, role and importance of the implementation of the law on democracy in communes, wards and towns. Ensuring politics is essential for the effective implementation of democratic law under the absolute leadership of the Party in all fields of social life, it forms the basis of consolidation stance for party members, cadres in society, strengthening people's confidence in the Party and State. 2.3.2.2. Economic guarantees Implementation of the law on democracy in communes, wards and towns need to be assured about the economy. It is the necessary condition of facilities, funding and infrastructure for the implementation of democracy law in communes, wards and townships in real life. The economic development prospects of ensuring democracy, economic development will create a middle-class and will create conditions for highly educated people and it is a new environment to democratization. 2.3.2.3. Cultural - social guarantees Implementation of the provisions of the law on social democracy contributes to the lives of residents in villages and hamlets, groups, solidarity and consensus. The ownership of the people in the cultural sector reflects social focus on improving literacy levels, cultural life build healthy spirit of grassroots and strengthen solidarity in the community, traditional moral education, culture, as well as raising political consciousness of the people. This condition is a solid basis to continue to promote the people's sovereignty and build a strong political system on the commune level. 2.3.2.4. Legal guarantees To bring the law to life, promote efficiency social relations, adjustment arising during the construction and implementation of democratic laws, we must first have a system of legal documents on democracy with quality. When the level of quality and perfection of the legal system of democracy in communes, wards and towns relies on the basic criteria such as comprehensive, uniform, uniformity, appropriate legal qualifications. 2.4. Experience in implementing legislation on democracy in communes, wards and towns of the mountainous north-west provinces, valuable reference for the Central Highlands 15 years of implementing the provisions of law on democratic basis and monitoring inspection to improve the quality in the North West provinces has contributed a considerable part including manpower, along with the State's effort to build local infrastructure. From the practical outcomes of the North West provinces we can draw six lessons in the building, the people's contribution to building infrastructure, contributing to improving the material and spiritual life of ethnic minorities in the North West provinces, this experience is a useful lesson for the Central Highlands. Conclusion Chapter 2 On the theoretical basis of the state and law in general and the implementation of democratic law in particular combined with the knowledge in the field of implementation of the law on democracy in communes, wards and towns, chapter 2 of the thesis focuses on interpreting some basic theoretical issues about the implementation of the law on democracy in communes, wards and towns. Specifically, analysis and concepts are related to research topics such as the law of democracy in communes, wards and towns, particularly implementation of the law concept of democracy in communes, wards, and towns. The thesis points out the characteristics of the implementation of the law of democracy in communes, wards and towns, analyzes the differences of the implementation of the law on democracy in communes, wards and towns such as compliance, execution, and application of the law, which confirms the role of civil law all in communes, wards and towns. The thesis points out and analyzes the conditions for the implementation of the law of democracy in communes, wards and towns. Research experience in implementation of the law on democracy in communes, wards and towns of the provinces can apply for the Central Highland provinces. Chapter 3 THE PROCESS OF DEMOCRACY LAW DEVELOPMENT IN COMMUNES, WARDS AND TOWNSHIPS IN THE CENTRAL HIGHLAND PROVINCES 3.1. The process of formation and development of democratic law in communes, wards and towns in Vietnam 3.1.1. Law of democracy in communes, wards and towns from 1946 to 1998 Legal research on democracy in this period shows that the law has created an important legal framework of the process of expanding and promoting the democratic rights of the people in all areas of law on democratic institutionalized perspective, the Party line on sovereignty, self- determination of the people; create a legal basis to adjust some relations arising in the process of building socialist democracy in our country, namely: the right to determine, the right to vote, the right to work, the right to rest, the right to work, lodge complaints and denunciations and protest rights, business freedom, the right to inviolability of the home, objects, letters ... However, representative democracy is still not clear in terms of nature and specific regulations; there are many "gaps" that cannot be adjusted, making it difficult for the use and application of the law in particular and the general implementation of the law. 3.1.2. Law of democracy in communes, wards and towns from 1998 to present The laws of democracy in communes, wards and towns specifies the content: people know, people discuss, people decide; citizen participation and supervision, partly reflecting economic conditions, Vietnam's social reform, defined in many different legal documents such as the Constitution, the Code, laws, ordinances, decrees and circulars... in which mostly implement Ordinance democracy in communes, wards and towns. However, the system of democracy law in communes, wards and towns still does not have uniformity, consistency, high legal implementation. Implementing democratic Ordinance in communes, wards and towns in fact is the nature of legal documents under the law, is not legal documents comply with the legislative process of Congress. Therefore, the coherence of the drafting process, verification, approval and publication can not be guaranteed by a law enacted by Congress. 3.2. Current status of implementation of the law of democracy in communes, wards and towns in the provinces of the Central Highlands 3.2.1. The specific factors affecting the implementation of the law of democracy in communes, wards and towns in the provinces of the Central Highlands Implementation of the law on democracy in communes, wards and towns in the Central Highlands provinces affected by many factors such as geographic location and natural conditions; economic and psychological factors, cultural traditions; factors on population characteristics, educational level; ethnic and religious elements of the Central Highlands; and conspiracy against the tricks of the enemy forces, the reactionary FULRO at home and abroad; qualifications, leadership skills, executive management teams of communal cadres. All the elements of this particular have impact on the process of implementing democracy law in the Central Highlands . 3.2.2. Current status of democracy law-abiding in communes, wards and towns of the Central Highlands For nearly 15 years, the Party, the Vietnam Fatherland Front at commune level in Central Highlands Provinces under the leadership of the Central Government and the local authorities have had several plans and measures to implement the law on democracy in communes, wards and towns. Thus, the results obtained were very encouraging. However, the legal entities have not abided the law completely in terms of "prohibit" provisions of democracy Ordinance in communes, wards and towns, the Law on Complaints, the Inspection Law, the Law on the Anti –Corruption, Vietnam Fatherland Front Law... 3.2.3. Current status of law observance of democracy in communes, wards and towns in the Central Highlands The ownership of the people can only be done in real life when the state agencies, civil servants and citizens perform their legal obligations in positive activities. Accordingly, in the process of implementation, organizations, civil servants and citizens have to take seriously the responsibilities of their legal obligations by democracy law in communes, wards, towns. However, democracy regulations have not been carried well in some workplaces without transparency in the voting of capital investment, policies lack of effective implementation. The implementation of election forms also limits the electoral process and civic consciousness. A majority of people have not really respected voting rights of citizens, the common law of economy mainly because people lack information. The observance of the regulations is not timely and flippant. 3.2.4. The actual use of the law of democracy in communes, wards and towns of the Central Highlands Implementation of the law on democracy in communes, wards and towns has different characteristics to perform a number of areas of law such as criminal, administrative areas..., so the implementation of the law on democracy in communes, wards, towns mainly focused on using legal forms. The subjects, a large number of people may use multiple forms to implement ownership, their right to self-determination. Commune governments have the responsibility to respect and to create conditions for people to use democratic rights in all fields. However, in practice people in the Central Highlands provinces are still not fully aware of their responsibilities in the implementation of rights and obligations as prescribed by law. 3.2.5. Reality of applying democracy law in communes, wards and towns in the provinces of the Central Highlands Due to the awareness of the importance of the implementation of the law on democracy, in recent years five provinces of the Central Highlands had some activities to apply the law, manage documents , implement the law on democracy in communes, wards and towns; People work to settle complaints and denunciations to ensure the legitimate rights; combine the implementation of democracy legislation in communes, wards and towns in the Central Highlands provinces with administrative reform. However, these activities are not really effective in promoting the implementation of the law on democracy in commune, wards and townships. 3.3. General assessment of the status and lessons learned from implementing legislation on democracy in communes, wards and towns in the provinces of the Central Highlands 3.3.1. Overall Assessment 3.3.1.1. Advantages and limitations Research on reality of democracy law in communes, wards and towns in the provinces of the Central Highlands shows that promoting people's ownership in communes, wards and towns in the Central Highlands province has contributed to limit corruption, bureaucracy, arrogance, authoritarianism, forming good civil servants; sovereignty of the people is increasingly being promoted. The awareness of people about the "State of the people, by the people, for the people" with the motto "People know, people discuss, people do and people check" becomes specific and deeper. However, besides the results achieved, implementation process in the Central Highlands reveals some restrictions. 3.3.1.2. The cause of the advantages and limitations of implementing legislation on democratic communes, wards and towns in the provinces of the Central Highlands * The cause of the advantages : The process of deploying, implementing democratic legislation in communes, wards and towns in the Central Highlands provinces has obtained the basic achievements, attributable to the Party committees, government , unions and people of the Central Highlands rightly have perceived the importance of the implementation of the law on democracy in communes, wards and towns; attention and close guidance of the Party committees, local governments; The education level of workers, grassroots members of the Central Highlands has good development than before. * The cause of these limitations: the system of legal documents is not consistent; there is no law to regulate in a most general way; harsh natural conditions, migration, resource conflicts; fiercely fighting against the forces of the enemy, FULRO reactionary forces at home and abroad; propagation and dissemination of implementation of democratic law, all experiences in the implementation process are not exchanged and disseminated... 3.3.2. Lessons learned in implementing the law on democracy in communes, wards and towns in the provinces of the Central Highlands From the practical implementation of the law of democracy in communes, wards and towns in the Central Highlands provinces, we can draw 6 lessons: ensuring the role and capacity of the Party leadership at different levels of villages and groups; team building to communal cadres, particularly minority officers; performing flexibly, creatively the motto "people know, people discuss, people do and people check”; making good role in advising the Party committees; focus on solving FULRO problems, political stability and socio-economic development of ethnic minority areas; strengthening people's confidence in the Party and government; implementation of the law of democracy in communes, wards and towns in the Central Highlands provinces need to promote the role of elders, clan heads, dignitaries, religious dignitaries. Conclusion Chapter 3 To assess the true state of the implementation of the law on democracy in communes, wards and towns in the Central Highlands, the thesis points out the specific factors affecting the implementation process of democratic law in communes, wards and towns. These factors have a significant impact and have contributed to enriching the basis of analysis, assessing the status of implementation of the law of democracy in communes, wards and towns in the provinces of the Central Highlands accordingly. In the study, through sociological investigation, the thesis has closely conducted research, making general assessments, theoretical knowledge and practical advantages, and limitations as well as the lessons learned about the process of implementing the law on democracy in communes, wards and towns in the provinces of the Central Highlands since the Politburo (termVIII) issued Directive No. 30 - CT/TW dated 02/18/1998. Chapter 4 PERCEPTIONS AND SOLUTIONS TO ENSURE THE IMPLEMENTATION OF DEMOCRACY LAW IN COMMUNES, WARDS AND TOWNS OF THE CENTRAL HIGHLANDS PROVINCES 4.1. Viewpoint to ensure implementation of the law on democracy in communes, wards and towns in the provinces of the Central Highlands 4.1.1. Implementation of the law on democracy in communes, wards and towns in the Central Highlands provinces must thoroughly grasp the Party's view of democracy in general and democracy in communes , villages and hamlets in particular The process of implementation of the law on democracy in communes, wards and towns in the Central Highlands provinces have always been under the leadership and close direction of the Party committees and governments from provincial to commune level must be regarded as an important viewpoint in the development of solutions to ensure effective implementation of the law of democracy in communes, wards and towns 4.1.2. Raise awareness of subjects on position, role and importance of the implementation of the democratic law in communes, wards and towns in the Central Highlands region To have real democracy in the country, each person and commune need to raise awareness for cadres and people of the role and importance of the civil law, thereby promoting self-discipline and morale of all citizens and organizations in the implementation for democratic law. Each of these people have to understand their rights, their duties. 4.1.3. Implementation of the law on democracy in communes, wards and towns must be consistent and associated with specific conditions, in particular economy, culture, society, security and defense in the Central Highlands Law of democracy in communes, wards and towns stipulated in several documents issued by the State is universal, but besides that, the implementation process should also take into account characteristics of the locality, especially socio-economic conditions, the distinctive political, socio- economic, cultural situations of each locality, as well as psychological and cultural traditions, beliefs, rituals, lifestyle, custom, habits ... to meet the aspirations of the people in each area. 4.1.4. Implementing legislation on social democracy in the Central Highlands provinces to boost fight against bureaucracy, corruption, wastefulness; while protecting the rights and legitimate interests of citizens Strengthen advocacy, education, awarenes, sense of responsibility of officials and party members, civil servants and the people on the prevention of corruption and waste. The Party committees, governments, people's organizations from district to commune maintain regular implementation, the Law on the Anti –Corruption, Law on saving practice and waste combat to civil servants, party members and the people. Measures combat bureaucratic corruption combined with the Party and government building. Implementation of laws and regulations of democracy in society, transparency of public finance regime encourages people to participate in the fight against bureaucracy, corruption and other negative factors, dealing violations strictly. 4.2. Measures to ensure implementation of the law on democracy in communes, wards and towns in the provinces of the Central Highlands 4.2.1. General solutions 4.2.1.1. Continue to develop and improve the law of democracy in communes, wards and towns To ensure effective civil law in communes, wards and towns, we should conduct a review of the provisions and additional overlap, the complete lack of regulation; overcome the lack of specificity, the contradictions, inconsistencies between the provisions of the laws of democracy; additional sanctions, stating how to handle violations and individual violations, having specific forms of processing; construction of new legislation; Supplemented , amended and improved rules, conventions of villages and hamlets and population groups . 4.2.1.2. Administrative and judicial reform, practical and effective implementation in communes, wards and towns Continue to implement administrative reform, administrative reform, this is considered a breakthrough in the whole process of implementation of the "one- stop" and "one stop shop"; expand and increase the number of trial in remote areas, minimize the number of outstanding enforcement. Make good work at the grassroots reconciliation, limit complaints, prolonged disunity among the people; continue to implement applications of information technology in administrative management. Prepare technical conditions, manpower to be able to build e-government to the commune level. 4.2.1.3. Enhance the propagation and dissemination, legal education on democracy in communes, wards and towns In recent years, the Central Highlands was interested in the propagation and dissemination, legal education on democracy in communes, wards and townships. However, through a survey found that parts of communal cadres, especially the ethnic minority communes, the revolutionary base areas , the new economy are still not familiar with the documents of the Party State and Government legal democratic society in many communication channels are limited. Therefore, the level of industry in the Central Highlands, by all measures needed to strengthen propaganda and education to make people understand the purpose, meaning, the importance of the law of democracy in communes, wards towns. 4.2.2. Specific solutions for the Central Highlands 4.2.2.1. Consolidating and strengthening at the commune level of the Central Highlands - Strengthen the leadership of party committees to implement democracy law in communes, wards and towns in the Central Highlands provinces. Implementation of the law on democracy in communes, wards and towns in the Central Highlands provinces depends greatly on the leadership and guidance of party organizations at the grassroots. The committees, party cells, especially at the villages and hamlets need to be deployed, discussed and given feedback to implement laws and democratic communes, wards and towns. - Improve the quality of operations in the Central Highlands from the practical situation of Highland, the quality of implementation of the law of democracy in society, attention should be paid to strengthening the focus, building a strong, advanced qualifications, leadership skills, executive management for communal cadres. It is a prerequisite for socio-economic development, political stability in the Central Highlands . 4.2.2.2 . Make good relationship with the community, village, groups in the Central Highlands provinces For implementation of democracy law in communes, wards and towns, it is necessary to make good relationship in rural communities, villages and population groups. The rural population residing together, producing, living on the same area have intimate relationships with each other, but activities within the village, village is relatively isolated, which requires them to self- manage (self-management) on a certain field . 4.2.2.3. Improving material and spiritual life for people in rural communities, villages and population groups in the Central Highlands region Despite more than 25 years of innovation, socio-economic situation in many communes in the Central Highlands is still underdeveloped with backward Infrastructure, failing to meet the needs of people. The number of poor households has a high percentage, especially ethnic minorities. Thus, the Party committees and governments at Central Highlands have to boost investment in infrastructure construction and have control mechanisms toward the effectiveness of the programs and projects. Along with infrastructure investment, governments at all levels in the Central Highlands also need to address a fundamental element of labor, employment and benefits. 4.2.2.4. Promoting the role of village elders, who have credibility in implementing the law on democracy in communes, wards and towns in the provinces of the Central Highlands The village elders, who have their reputation is the soul of the whole village, can show the aspirations of the people and play the role of a bridge between people and the State and the Party. Therefore, it is necessary to mobilize the prestige classes to participate in the implementation of laws and democracy in villages. 4.2.2.5. Applying the laws and customs of the peoples of the Central Highlands in the implementation of the law of democracy in commune , wards and towns Customary laws are the principles and standards of conduct of the minority community, seen as the cultural heritage of the nation, should be inherited and innovative in the process of implementing the democratic law of communes, wards and towns. These conditions specified in the law on democracy in society as campaigning to protect the natural environment, society, marriage and family, family tradition , community, culture building villages in accordance with what people have been told from hundreds of years through customary law. 4.2.2.6. Build mode, specific treatment policy for communal cadres, especially ethnic minority officers in the Central Highlands provinces The Central Highlands has many traits with specific characteristics in terms of natural, economic, cultural, social features. Therefore, policies and regimes for the team in the Central Highlands of communal cadres need to be concerned. There must be a priority for communal cadres in difficult areas. 4.2.2.7. Implementation of the law on democracy in communes, wards and towns combined with socio-economic development, fortify national defense and security to ensure social order and safety in the Central Highlands provinces Continuing to innovate methods of operation of the police force, building security associated with national defense, strengthen measures to mobilize people, base on the people to understand the situation promptly and detect any active plot of the hostile forces and crime against the implementation process of democratic law on the Central Highlands provinces. 4.2.2.8. Periodically summarizing practices, learn from experience in implementing legislation on democracy in communes, wards and towns in the provinces of the Central Highlands Preliminary and final reviews should be carried out to draw experiences, indicating the limitations, weaknesses related to the role, the responsibility of organizations and individuals. Conclusion Chapter 4 To become the country's key area of socio-economic status, security and defense, it is necessary to ensure the people's right to mastery. With that sense, promoting , enhancing operational efficiency legislation implementing democracy in communes, wards and towns in the provinces of the Central Highlands in the current period should be based on the direction, namely: Implementing legislation on democracy in communes, wards and towns in the Central Highlands provinces to thoroughly grasp the Party's view of democracy in general and democracy in communes, wards and particular towns; Implementation of the law on democracy in communes, wards and towns must be consistent and specific, attached to specific economic, cultural, social characteristics, security, defense in the Central Highlands; raising awareness of the subjects, role and importance of the implementation of the law on democratic communes, wards and towns in the Central Highlands region; Implementation of the law on democracy in communes, wards and towns in the Central Highlands provinces to boost fight against bureaucracy, corruption, wastefulness. On the basis of interpretation, thoroughly understanding the perspective in the process of implementing the provisions of the law on the exercise of democracy in communes, wards and towns in the provinces of the Central Highlands, the thesis also gives the systematic and specific solutions to ensure implementation of the law of democracy in communes, wards and towns in the provinces of the Central Highlands. CONCLUSION Implementation of the law on democracy in communes, wards and towns in the provinces of the Central Highlands is essentially aimed at promoting democratic rights of the ethnic people in the Central Highlands, creating mechanisms through forum to be beneficial for people to express their views, personal opinions, suggestions outlined proposals relating to the rights and legitimate interests of their state agencies, engaged administration, local governments at commune level, enhance the legal awareness, contributing to forming and working under the law for communal cadres and people; ensure the success of the process of building a law-governed socialist State of Vietnam. Through the implementation of the democracy law in communes, wards and towns in the Central Highlands provinces, besides the achievements, the thesis still has limitations and weaknesses. Therefore, it is necessary to study in a comprehensive and profound way the problems of implementing democratic legislation in communes, wards and towns in the Central Highlands on both theoretical and practical aspects, offering systematic and specific solutions to promote the achievements and overcoming limitations. From the results of research conducted on democratic law in communes, wards and towns in the provinces of the Central Highlands, we draw some conclusions as follows: 1. Through concepts, categories of scientific theories and laws of the State, the thesis has developed and analyzed a number of theoretical issues of democracy law in communes, wards and towns such as democracy concept at communes, wards and towns ; law concept of democracy in communes, wards and towns, the legal contents of democracy in communes, wards and towns; concepts, characteristics, implementation of the law form of democracy in communes, wards and towns; role and the conditions ensuring the implementation of the law on democracy in communes, wards and towns; experience in the implementation of democratic law in wards and towns is of valuable reference for the Central Highlands. 2. Based on the theoretical premise, the thesis was a comprehensive n system of law of democracy and democratic law in communes, wards and towns from 1946 to present, indicating achievements and limitations on the form and content of the system. At the same time the analysis and evaluation of specific factors affecting the quality of implementation of the law of democracy in communes, wards and towns in the provinces of the Central Highlands are also taken into consideration. Analysis and evaluation of the pros and cons of implementation of the law, the status of democracy in communes, wards and towns in the Central Highlands provinces in recent years has been carried out, indicating the cause of the advantages and limitations. On that basis, we can draw 6 lessons learned from the implementation of the law on democracy in communes, wards and towns in the provinces of the Central Highlands . 3. To overcome the shortcomings and inadequacies in the implementation of the law on democracy in communes, wards and towns in the Central Highlands provinces, thesis proposes the following viewpoints: implementation of the law of democracy in communes, wards and towns to thoroughly grasp the Party's view of democracy in general and democracy in particular society; implementation of the law of democracy in communes, wards and towns must be consistent and specific, attached to specific economic, cultural, social characteristics and national security at the commune level; implementation of the law of democracy in communes, wards and towns in the Central Highlands provinces need to boost fight against bureaucracy, corruption, wastefulness. 4. The possible solutions to ensure implementation of the law on democracy in communes, wards and towns in the Central Highlands provinces include general solutions and specific solutions to the Central Highlands. Hopefully, the views and systematic solutions indicated in dissertation can contribute to supplement the theoretical issues for the implementation of the law on general democratic legislation and implementation of democracy in communes, wards and towns in the provinces of the Central Highlands in particular. The solution should be carried out in a synchronous way that can bring practical results, the central Highlands will gradually become more stable and develop comprehensively and successfully to attain sustainable growth and achieve the goal of “Rich people, Strong nation, Fair, democratic and civilized society”. LIST OF WORKS RELATED TO THE THESIS 1. Do Van Duong (2011), "Implementation of democracy law in communes, wards and towns in the Central Highlands provinces today" Journal of Legislative Studies, 21 (206), pp. .41-45 . 2. Do Van Duong (2012), "The role of governments in the Central Highlands communes in the implementation of the law on the basis of democracy ", Journal of Democracy and Law, No. 01. 3. Do Van Duong (2012 ), "Implementation of the democratic legal staff autonomous villages and hamlets, and population groups of the Central Highlands and the issues raised" Journal of Legislative Studies, No. 23 . 4. Do Van Duong ( 2013 ), "Some solutions to enhance the quality of training and retraining of cadres, civil servants from ethnic minorities in the Central Highlands today," State Management Journal , No. 2 . 5. Do Van Duong (2013), "Current status and lessons learned from implementation of the law on the basis of democratic commune in the Central Highlands over time ", Journal of Theory, No. 2 (117) , 6.Do Van Duong, Le Duyen Ha (2013), "The solution to ensure implementation of the law society democratic grassroots level, ethnic minorities in the Central Highlands " , Journal of Political Science, No. 3 . 7. Do Van Duong (2013), "The solution to promote the role of the political system to ensure implementation of democracy in communes, wards and towns in the provinces of the Central Highlands", Journal of the Theory treatment and Communications , July number , tr.39 - 41 . 8.Trinh Duc Thao, Do Van Duong (2013), "The role of the Vietnam Fatherland Front and mass organizations in the implementation of the law on democracy in communes in the Central Highlands ", Journal State and Law Journal , October number (306), p. 27-32 . 9. Do Van Duong (2013), "Promoting the role of village elders, the respected people of ethnic minorities in the implementation of grassroots democracy in Dak Lak province ," State Management Journal , No. 11. 10. Trinh Duc Thao, Do Van Duong (2013) "The specific factors affecting the implementation of the law on the basis of democratic commune in the province of the Central Highlands ", The Journal of Law, No. 6.

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