Tóm tắt Luận án Impact of the development of socialist-Oriented market economy on protecting the sovereignty and security of national borders in the Northern border provinces

The impact of the development of socialist-oriented market economy on protecting the sovereignty and security of national borders in the Northern border provinces is the process of movement and change of the market economy towards modernization has positive and negative impacts on national sovereignty and the missions to protect the political security - economy - society - thought - culture in the national border area in the Northern border provinces.

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specific tasks of the field of national defense – security. The study and analyze the content of the socialist- oriented development in Northern border provinces both a practical basis and reasoning to identify the impact of this process on the protecting the sovereignty and security of national borders. Look at the experience of China for protection activities associated with the development of market economy and protecting the sovereignty and security of national borders significant background in the draw important lessons as well as "the policy" essential for the planning, developing socialist-oriented market economy and protect the sovereignty and security of national borders. 2. The northern border province with an important strategic position in terms of both political and economic, defense, security and foreign affairs, but this area still exist many shortcomings, ... The hardest this scarf has a direct impact on the protecting the sovereignty and security of national borders. Therefore, one of the most effective solutions to remedy this situation is, promoting the construction and development of the socialist-oriented market economy, based on content awareness, peculiar characteristics of the region. This knowledge not only represents an economic necessity in the development requirements of each territory, but also demonstrates the interest of the Party and Government, held simultaneously exploit all potentials and advantages of areas of socio-economic development and strengthening national defense – security. 22 development and strengthening strategic national defense - security in building and defending the Fatherland Vietnam South socialist. At the same time, expressed the function of organizing and managing all aspects of life - society with views and policies of the ruling party, the administration of the state socialist democracy in our country. For the model of socialist oriented market economy to develop and achieve the best performance, while implementing protect the sovereignty and security of national borders tasks in the future, it should fully grasping the viewpoint of strategic guidance. Each views the content, requirements and guidelines for not completely identical, but requires synchronization thoroughly, not taken seriously or lightly viewpoint. Socialist-oriented market economy development is the deployment of effective general model of strategic socio-economic development of the country. Besides the achievements that this process brings, inevitably the strong impact on both the positive aspects and negative in many areas of life - social, which bear the protecting the sovereignty and security of national borders the most powerful impact. Therefore, to perform tasks of protecting the sovereignty and security of national borders in general, the Northern border provinces in particular in should implement a comprehensive system of effective solutions. Each system solutions that position, not an equal role. However, the solution is always in close relationship and interaction with each other. Therefore, during the implementation and deployment of solutions, to implement uniform, reasonable, disregard or overlook any solution. Thus actually promoting positive impacts and limit the negative impacts of development Socialist- oriented market economy. And contribute to improving the efficiency of socio-economic development, has performed well in the task of protecting the sovereignty and security of national borders in the Northern border provinces. 3 sovereignty and security in Northen border provinces is significant in both theory and practice. 3. Research purpose and task of the thesis topic * Purpose: * Task: - Clarify the theoretical and practical issues about the content and impact of the development of socialist-oriented market economy on protecting the sovereignty and security of national borders in Northern border provinces. - Assess the actual situation of impacts of developing socialist- oriented market economy on protecting the sovereignty and security of national borders in Northern border provinces in recent years. - Propose basic viewpoints and key measures, in order to promote positive impacts and limit negative impacts of the development of socialist-oriented market economy on protecting the sovereignty and security of national borders in Northern border provinces in the current period. 4. Research object and scope * Object: Study the content and impact of the development of socialist- oriented market economy on protecting the sovereignty and security of national borders in Northern border provinces. * Scope: - Regarding space, the topic researches within the border area in Northern border provinces, including Quang Ninh, Lang Son, Cao Bang, Ha Giang, Lao Cai, Lai Chau and Dien Bien. - Regarding time, the topic only limits research period from 2005 up to present. 5. Theoretical, practical basis and research method * Theoretical basis: The thesis is studied based on a system of theoretical viewpoints of Marxism - Leninism and Ho Chi Minh’s thought on political economy, military economy and theory on national defense, war and army; guidelines and policies of the Party; directives and leadership resolutions of the Party Committee, the armed forces; the reports summarizing the work of the relevant forces, agencies and departments in Northern border provinces and several scientific research projects on socio-economic development, protecting the sovereignty and security of national borders. 4 * Practical basis: The research of the thesis is based on field survey results of socio- economic development activities, protecting the sovereignty and security of national borders in Northern border provinces and inheritance of data from a number of other scientific works of the author. * Research Methods: The thesis uses the basic method of Marxism - Leninism political economy such as: Methods of scientific abstraction, analysis, synthesis, statistics, surveys, investigations, expert advice and some other methods are being used in the economic science. 6. New contributions of the thesis - Analyse the content and impact of the development of socialist- oriented market economy on protecting the sovereignty and security of national borders in Northern border provinces, based on new thinking about building and protecting the country in the current period. - Propose the basic viewpoints and major, feasible solutions to exert the positive effects and mitigate negative impacts of the socialist-oriented market economy on protecting the sovereignty and security of national borders in Northern border provinces. 7. Theoretical and practical meanings of the thesis * Theoretical meaning: - The thesis contributes to clarify the theoretical and practical basis of the content and impact of the development of socialist- oriented market economy on protecting the sovereignty and security of national borders in Northern border provinces. - The thesis can serve as references for teaching and researching subjects of Political economy, Military economy, and Economic management at the academies, the school inside and outside the Army. * Practical meaning: The research results of the thesis can serve as reference to the planning, scheduling socio-economic development and implementation of management, protection of the sovereignty and security of national borders in Northern border provinces of our country. 8. Structure of the thesis The thesis consists of: introduction, overview of research issues, 3 chapters (7 periods), conclusion, recommendation, lists of scientific works of the author related to the thesis, list of references and appendices. 21 To promote the positive impacts and to limit the negative impact of development of socialist-oriented market economy on protecting the sovereignty and security of national borders in the future, should make synchronizing some key measures below: 3.2.1. Propaganda and implement effectively the views of the Party; policies and laws of the state of economic development - society, strengthening of defense - security, raise awareness and responsibility of the social forces in the development of market economy socialist orientation means and protect the sovereignty and security of national borders 3.2.2. Improving mechanisms and policies to support investment and remuneration associated with capacity building livelihoods and protect the territory, implementing sustainable poverty reduction for the border area people and motivate economic development market-oriented socialism and firmly safeguard national sovereignty, border security 3.2.3. Perform well the coordination and cooperation between all levels and sectors, forces, local authorities in the area of the northern border provinces and with neighboring countries in economic development activities and protection market sovereignty, security and national boundaries 3.2.4. Strengthen the management of the State authorities in the northern border provinces to develop socialist-oriented market economy and protect the sovereignty and security of national borders 3.2.5. Promoting the pivotal role of the Border Guard in the prevention and combating of activities damaging the developing socialist-oriented market economy and encroach upon the sovereignty and security of national borders in the northern border province Conclusion of chapter 3 Development Socialist-oriented market economy and firmly protect the sovereignty and security of national borders in the current period, the specific activities of the two areas of socio-economic 20 Chapter 3 BASIC VIEWPOINTS AND MAJOR SOLUTIONS FOR PROMOTING THE POSITIVE IMPACT, LIMITING THE NEGATIVE IMPACT OF DEVELOPING THE SOCIALIST-ORIENTED MARKET ECONOMY ON PROTECTING THE SOVEREIGNTY, SECURITY OF NATIONAL BORDERS IN NORTHERN BORDER PROVINCES IN THE FUTURE To promote the positive aspects, and remedies and limited to the minimum the negative impacts of development Socialist-oriented market economy to protect The sovereignty and security of national borders in the Northern border provinces, need thorough study and implement the fundamental point and the following key measures: 3.1. Some basic point that promote positive impacts and limit negative impacts of development socialist-oriented market economy to protect the sovereignty and security of national borders 3.1.1. Keep the socialist-oriented market economy in developing market economies in the northern border province 3.1.2. Developing socialist-oriented market economy and protect the sovereignty and security of national borders must conform to the requirements of international integration and development of the potentials and advantages of the northern border province 3.1.3. Promoting synergy at all levels, departments, agencies, units and people's forces in the northern border province of developed socialist-oriented market economy and solid protection sovereignty, security and national boundaries 3.1.4. Grasping the combined economic development with defense in the socialist-oriented market economy and protection of sovereignty, border security in the northern border province 3.2. The main measures to promote positive impacts and limit negative impacts of development socialist-oriented market economy to protect the sovereignty and security of national borders in the Northern border provinces 5 OVERVIEW OF THE RESEARCH SITUATION RELATED TO THE TOPIC ABOUT IMPACT OF THE SOCIALIST-ORIENTED MARKET ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ON PROTECTING THE SOVEREIGNTY, SECURITY OF NATIONAL BORDERS IN NORTHERN BORDER PROVINCES 1. The research situation related to the thesis topic 1.1. The scientific research projects on the impact of development of market economy * A number of scientific research projects on the effects of the market economy over the economy - society in general Dr. Ha Huy Thanh, Negative impacts of economic mechanisms in the Vietnam market, Social Sciences Publishing House, H., 2000; Ministry of Labour - Invalids and Social Affairs, Proceedings of the seminar: "The problem of distribution and wealth disparities in terms of economic development- oriented market socialism in our country", Hanoi, 2004. The same study on the impact of market economy , there are works, thesis and other writings as: Vu Van Phuc, "As special-oriented socialist market economy in our country"; Pham Viet Dao, "the left hand of the market economy"; Nguyen Thi Luyen, "The experience of economic development in the ASEAN market and the ability to apply to Vietnam"; Truong Manh Tien, "The development of free trade in the economic conditions in Vietnam market today with the protection of ecological environment"; Dao Thi Phuong Lien, "The development of the private sector in the transition economies Vietnam into a market economy"; Nguyen Bich, "Industrialization and modernization and the development of market economy in Vietnam"; Nguyen Van Long, "The role of trade in the process of developing market economy oriented socialism in Vietnam"; Le Xuan Dinh, "Bringing the market economy to upland ethnic minorities - key solution to poverty reduction"; Bui Minh Thanh, "The left hand of the market economy and their impact to the violation of law in the economic field". * The scientific research projects on the development impact of the market economy in the field of defense - security Dr. Nguyen Van Ngung, The impact of the market economy and international economic integration for defense and security in Vietnam, The National Politics Publishing House, H.2009; Tran Minh Trieu, the impact of the market economy in the period of transition to socialism for the defense force in our country, the doctoral thesis on economy, H.2001. 6 1.2. The scientific research projects related to the development impact of the socialist-oriented market economy in the northern border province * The works on foreign countries Dr. Nguyen Van Can, Strategy "Strong border, rich people" of China, Encyclopedia Publishing House, H.2009. China has confirmed the significance and the importance of strengthening the construction of the frontier in the cause of building socialism and modernizing the country. The strategy also sets out the main tasks and highlight the policies and measures for implementing the strategy effectively. * Other domestic works Dr. Le Du Phong and Dr. Hoang Van Hoa (Co-Editor), market economy and the haves - poverty in ethnic minority and mountainous areas in the north of our country today, National Politics Publishing House, H.2009; Dr. Nguyen Dinh Liem, border trade relations between Northwest - Vietnam and Yunnan - China (2001 - 2020), Encyclopedia Publishing House, H.2012; Nguyen Minh Hang, trade across borders Vietnam - China History - Status - Prospects, Social Sciences Publishing House, H.2001; Dr. Pham Van Linh, "The border gate economic zone borders Vietnam - China and its impact on the development of commodity economy in Vietnam, National Politics Publishing House, H.2001; Hoang Van Hoan, Nguyen Chi Thanh, mechanism-specific policy development of the North West province, Technical Sciences Publisher, H.2010; Dang Xuan Phong, Economic development zone border of North Vietnam in the context of international economic integration, National Politics Publishing House, H.2011; Dinh Trong Ngoc, economic development - social mountainous northern border and its impact to strengthen the protection of sovereignty and security in this region border, National Politics Publishing House, H.2009. In addition, there are some study, seminars and other articles referring to the impact of development of market economy in Northern border provinces such as the Committee for Nationalities, Ethnic Institute, the World Bank, "Proceedings of the seminar deleted hunger, poverty reduction: Problems and solutions in ethnic minority areas of northern Vietnam"; Pham Van Linh, "economic and trade relations border Vietnam - China with the development of commodity economy in the northern mountainous province"; Nguyen Thi Sinh, "The impact of commercial activities Vietnam - Central to the process of urbanization in the mountainous northeastern province of our country". 1.3. The content of scientific research projects related to the task of protecting the sovereignty and security of national borders * Several scientific research projects related to the task of protecting the sovereignty and security of national borders 19 2.2.2.2. Conflicts between improving the requirements to improve the efficiency of developing the socialist-oriented market economy and protecting the sovereignty and security of national borders with educational level, professional and organizational levels of the workforce and the task force told protecting the sovereignty and security of national borders 2.2.2.3. The contradiction between the increasing demand for development investment socialist-oriented market economy and to strengthen the protecting the sovereignty and security of national borders with conditions, the ability of the local restrictions in Northern border provinces 2.2.2.4. Conflicts between development requirements socialist-oriented market economy and enhanced protecting the sovereignty and security of national borders management capacity of the relevant authorities; the ability to link and coordinate between local, units and forces in the province Conclusion of chapter 2 Development socialist-oriented market economy and firmly protect the sovereignty and security of national borders are two basic tasks in building strategies and defend the socialist fatherland Vietnam in the current period. Between the two tasks are always close relationship and mutual govern. Status of the impact on both the positive and negative aspects of the development process in Northern border provinces socialist-oriented market economy in recent years has again confirmed in practice this dialectical relationship on a specific area. The positive impact of development in Northern border provinces socialist-oriented market economy, on the one hand, express the objectivity and necessity and effectiveness of a new economic model and the creative use of local development socio-economic in Northern border provinces; on the other hand, the limitations and problems with negative impact also poses require urgent needs to be addressed. The impact of the development of the socialist-oriented market economy in general, in particular Northern border provinces already requires proper awareness and opinion, the right solution, but also promote positive impacts, both limitations and overcome the negative impact to further enhance the effectiveness of socio-economic development of solid protecting the sovereignty and security of national borders in the current period. In it, the awareness, resolve and effective synchronization conflicts posed in the process of developing a socialist-oriented market economy and perform tasks of protecting sovereignty and security of national borders Northern border provinces conditions, the platform for each locality, the agencies and departments to develop the spirit force, the responsibility in the process of performing the task; system and propose appropriate solutions to promote the positive impacts and limit the negative impact of economic socialist-oriented market economy to the task of protecting the sovereignty and security of national borders. 18 raises many complex issues affecting the protecting the sovereignty and security of national borders 2.1.2.3. The criminal activities, social evils and the law violations keeps on growing, powerful influence to the task of protecting the sovereignty and security of national borders 2.1.2.4. Ecological environment and natural resources are increasingly serious harm, causing adverse impacts on the conditions necessary to protect the sovereignty and security of national borders 2.2.1.5. Relations with the local economy, businesses and economic partner in the Chinese border area is inadequate 2.2. The cause and the problems posed by the impact of developing socialist-oriented market economy to protect the sovereignty and security of national borders in the northern border province 2.2.1. The cause of development impact socialist-oriented market economy to protect the sovereignty and security of national borders in the northern border provinces 2.1.1.1. Causes of the positive impacts Firstly, the development of socialist-oriented market economy in Northern border provinces has superior advantages over the previous economy of self-supply, self-providing, artifacts before. Secondly, the State government in Northern border provinces managing market economy is the State, local government of the people, by the people and for the people. Thirdly, the specific development of productive forces and relations of production in socialist-oriented background in Northern border provinces just created opportunities and challenges for implementing two strategic tasks, including the opportunities and advantages that surface excel basics. 2.1.1.2. Causes of the negative impacts Firstly, the spontaneous element of development of the socialist- oriented market economy in Northern border provinces. Secondly, the qualifications, competence, creativity and acumen of the State and Government in Northern border provinces are limited. Thirdly, educational level, ownership of ethnic in Northern border provinces are low, thus limiting access to and implementation of the policy guidelines and policies for socio-economic development of the Party and State. 2.2.2. The problems posed by the impact of developing socialist- oriented market economy to protect the sovereignty and security of national borders in the northern border province 2.2.2.1. The contradiction between the low level of development of the socialist-oriented market economy with the increasing requirements of the task of protecting the sovereignty and security of national borders 7 - Foreign documents: Mao Chan Phat, Discuss on border (Border argument), Military Science Publishing House, China (Translation of Government Boundary Commission), H.1995; Journal on national defence relations, "Protecting the border in the Border Theory of China". - Domestic documents: Nguyen Duc Chau, Nguyen Tuan Chung, Our forefathers Border Protection: From Hung Vuong time to the Nguyen Dynasty, People's Public Security Publishing House, H.1994; Vu Duong Ninh, Borders terrestrial Vietnam - China, People's Public Security Publishing House, H.2010. * Several scientific research projects related to the task of protecting the sovereignty and security of national borders in the northern border province Do Ich Bau, the Border Guard in the cause of protecting the sovereignty and security of national borders today, Doctor of Philosophy thesis, H.1999; Nguyen Xuan Bac, Activity baseline survey of reconnaissance and border guards the land border province Vietnam - China, Dissertation military, H.2013; Nguyen Quoc Doan, coordinating relations between economic Guard and the Border Guard in detecting and investigating crime in border smuggling Vietnam - China, Dissertation, People's Public Security Publishing House, H .2013; Nguyen Dinh Hung, Promoting human factors team of border guards in protecting the sovereignty and security of national borders today, Doctor of Philosophy thesis, H.2006; Dang Vu Liem, ethnic people in the cause of protecting the sovereignty and security of our country northern border today, Doctor of Philosophy thesis, H.1997; Vu Dinh Liem, the Border Guard participated in the construction and consolidation of the political system at grassroots northern border area; Dissertation Military, H.2013; Le Dinh Quang, activity detection and investigation of crime storing, transporting counterfeit money of the Border Guard in the area of land borders Vietnam - China, Dissertation Military, H.2013; Pham Dinh Trieu, economic Combine with defense in protecting the sovereignty and security of national borders on land border line of the Border Guard in Vietnam today, Dissertation Economics, H.2013 2. An overview of findings of the published scientific works and issues that the thesis should focus on solving 2.1. An overview of findings of the published scientific works * The scientific research projects related to the impact of market economy In this context, the work has focused on research, supplementing and clarifying concepts, mechanisms and some basic effects of market 8 economy, especially the negative impact on the field of life, general socio- economic, national defense - security sector in particular. In many approaches, works surveyed, offering system solutions to limit and overcome the negative impact that the development of market economy. In particular, the study on the impact of market economy on national defense - security field was suggestive and is an important prerequisite for the authors may inherit and apply for the thesis. * The scientific research projects related to the impact of the socialist-oriented market economy development on Northern border provinces In these works, the author has studied in depth the market economy and its impact on the fields of life, socio-economic in the northern region in general, the northern border in particular. The research, on the one hand, pointed out the peculiar characteristics of the region in socio-economic development; on the other hand, has conducted a survey and presents solutions to overcome these limitations, actively promote specific characteristics of the sector in socio-economic development and application Socialist-oriented market economy model. These studies showed many authors that inspire and direct succession in the study of the content and characteristics of socialist-oriented market economy in Northern border provinces. * The scientific research projects related to the task of protecting the sovereignty and security of national borders In this work, the researchers include both inside and outside the country, mainly focusing studies on the management, protecting the sovereignty and security of national borders in general, Northern border provinces in particular perspective fields such as military, police security, law, scouting, ... These works, with specific approaches are agreed on the concept, content, form and method of protecting the sovereignty and security of national borders; confirmed the role and importance of preserving and protecting the integrity of national sovereignty; pointed out the role and effect of each operation in the task of protecting the sovereignty and security of national borders. 2.2. Issues that the thesis needs to focus on solving Firstly, the issue of development in general Socialist-oriented market economy, Northern border provinces in particular always get the attention of the Party and State, at all levels, as well as research departments of many scientists. The author's thesis has also inherited some of the content, 17 Chapter 2 ACTUAL SITUATION OF IMPACT OF DEVELOPING THE SOCIALIST-ORIENTED MARKET ECONOMY ON PROTECTING THE SOVEREIGNTY, SECURITY OF NATIONAL BORDERS IN NORTHERN BORDER PROVINCES 2.1. Surveying the current status of development impact socialist- oriented market economy to protect the sovereignty and security of national borders in the northern border provinces in recent years 2.1.1. The positive impact of developing socialist-oriented market economy to protect the sovereignty and security of national borders in the northern border province The development of socialist oriented market economy in Northern border provinces over the years, has made a positive impact on the task of protecting the sovereignty and security of national borders, shown on the following aspects: 2.1.1.1. The development of the socialist-oriented market economy helped boost investment, construction and development of infrastructure, ensuring operators dual use service protecting the sovereignty and security of national borders 2.1.1.2. The life of the population will be improved; economic structure transformation positive; efficient production and business of enterprises development; People's confidence in the Party, the armed forces were strengthened, creating a firm basis for the ball of protecting the sovereignty and security of national border 2.1.1.3. The economic sectors develop the potential and advantages to improve their income, while allowing operators and effective use of all resources to serve the protecting the sovereignty and security of national borders 2.1.1.4. The relationship of solidarity, friendship, coordination and cooperation with the local authorities, the two sides of the border forces regularly reinforce, strengthen and replacing interlocked interests in protecting the sovereignty and security of national borders 2.1.2. The negative impact of developing socialist-oriented market economy to protect the sovereignty and security of national borders in the northern border province 2.1.2.1. Material life and spirit of the people still face many difficulties; differentiation between rich and poor strata of the population still tends to rise 2.1.2..2. The economic structure shifts slowly; efficient production and business of enterprises in all economic sectors is not high; market system slowly built and developed in coordination and efficiency is not high, still 16 Thirdly, build, strengthen ties of solidarity and friendship with neighboring countries, especially with developing the local market economy and protecting the sovereignty and security of national borders. Fourthly, effective struggle with activities harming the process of developing the market economy and protect the sovereignty and security of national borders. Conclusion of chapter 1 Socialist-oriented market economy development is an economic necessity in the development strategy of socio-economic and national defense socialist Vietnam. In order to examine the effects of developing socialist-oriented market economy in Northern border provinces, should have the overview of the opinion, approach socialist-oriented market economy in general, as well as the positive and negative aspects of model this. The effect of the application of the socialist-oriented model in each area is not entirely the same. Therefore, in the process of developing a socialist-oriented market economy in Northern border provinces need to study, generalize and indicate the content and characteristics as well as the positive aspects and limitations, so that the experience gained, orientations and proposed a reasonable solution. Development of market economy is a specific activity of the economic sphere, the task of protecting the sovereignty and security of national borders is a specific activity of national defense - security field. Between these two activities have relationships with each interaction. In particular, the protection of the sovereignty and security of national borders should always pay attention to development of the socialist-oriented market economy have a strong impact to guard duty on both angles positive and negative. Therefore, the protecting the sovereignty and security of national borders always interested in the impact of market economy promote positive, limiting the downside. At the same time, development in Northern border provinces Socialist-oriented market economy must always be placed in close relationship with the protecting the sovereignty and security of national borders. In that study, sum up experiences, creatively apply the lessons learned from the practical construction, development and exploitation of the positive impact, limiting the negative impact of China’s border area is one of the practical requirements. 9 concepts, characteristics and approaches Socialist-oriented market economy of the study to get an overview. However, the work does not have to examine the contents, characteristics and causes of developmental effects Socialist-oriented market economy to protect the sovereignty and security of national borders in the Northern border provinces. Secondly, Northern border provinces are large areas, have a strategic position, both economic and political, defense, security and foreign affairs, but is limited to conditions of socio-economic development, especially in conditions Socialist-oriented market economy development in the current period. These achievements and the limitations in the process of developing a socialist-oriented market economy in this area not only affects the life - of each local society, but also directly impact the protection of the sovereignty and security of national borders on both positive and negative aspects. In this sense, the works which the author has approached, does not have the depth topic research and generalization. Thirdly, protect sovereignty and security of national borders is a specific field of national defense – security activity on the border area. This field has a lot of authors, especially the researchers of the armed forces (Border Guard Army, public security, ...). Although the study was approached from many different angles, the space is Northern border provinces, but the topic that the author has studied conditions mainly exploited in terms of subjects such as law, reconnaissance, security , military, ... access to research, dissertation author has inherited some of the concepts, but construction has not yet realized the full presentation and system from the perspective of science of political economy in content and the impact of the socialist-oriented market economy development to protect The sovereignty and security of national borders in the Northern border provinces. Fourthly, the works which the author has access, presented the perspectives and solutions to promote the positive, limit the negative impacts of the development process of market economy on many aspects of the life - society, including national defense - security field. However, there is no work having a systematic, comprehensive presentation of perspectives and feasible solutions, in order to promote the positive impacts and limit the negative impacts of the socialist-oriented development on protecting the sovereignty and security of national borders in the Northern border provinces. 10 Chapter 1 THEORETICAL ISSUES ABOUT THE DEVELOPMENT OF SOCIALIST-ORIENTED MARKET ECONOMY AND IMPACT ON PROTECTING THE SOVEREIGNTY, SECURITY OF NATIONAL BORDERS IN NORTHERN BORDER PROVINCES 1.1. Socialist-oriented market economy and developing socialist- oriented market economy in the Northern border provinces 1.1.1. Socialist-oriented market economy 1.1.1.1. General conception of the socialist-oriented market economy The viewpoints of the Communist Party of Vietnam has affirmed: "Manufacturing goods are not in opposition to socialism, which is the development achievements of human civilization, exist objectively necessary for the work of building building socialism and socialism as had been built". Therefore: "Party and State policy consistent implementation and long term policies to develop the economy of many components operating motor according to market mechanisms, the management of State-oriented social socialist; that this is the socialist-oriented market economy". In the 11th National Congress, our Party continued emphasizing: "The socialist-oriented market economy in our country's economy is commodity composite operate under market mechanisms the administration of the State under the leadership of the Communist Party; and follow the rules of the market economy, and also been led, governed by the principles and essence of socialism". 1.1.1.2. Content of the socialist-oriented market economy Firstly, the market mechanism is fully applied, the flexibility to promote strong and effective all resources to develop rapid and sustainable economy; encourage legal enrichment coupled with hunger eradication and poverty reduction and achieve the objective of a prosperous people, a strong country, democratic, fair and civilized. Secondly, the promotion of freedom of business according to the law of all citizens to enrich themselves and contribute to society; all sectors of the economy, the market actors are taken seriously, equality before the law, and sustainable development, cooperation and fair competition, in which the state economy plays a key role. Thirdly, the proactive, positive international integration, while maintaining, strengthening the independence and autonomy of the economy; economic development go hand in hand with the development of cultural, social, implementation progress and social justice even in gradual development; rationing implemented primarily as a result of labor, economic 15 economic development activities in border areas. That has brought important achievements, create a shift, flourishes of the economic frontiers of the country, and suggest the practical lessons for Vietnam in developing the socialist oriented market economy and protect the sovereignty and security of national borders. 1.3.2. Some impacts of economic development socialist market to protect the sovereignty and security of the national borders of China * Positive impacts: Firstly, developing market economy creates infrastructure and favorable conditions for protecting the sovereignty and security of national borders. Secondly, developing market economy in the border area contributes to improving and enhancing the material life, the spirit of the people and the forces in charge of protecting the sovereignty and security of national borders. Thirdly, developing market economy in the border area contributes to strengthening ties of solidarity and friendship among peoples in the border area and with neighboring countries. * Some negative impacts: - The development of market economy, especially in the integration requirements of international economic relations was "brought many new situations and new problems for the control, management and protection of sea borders increased, causing difficulty towels for border management ... seriously undermining social policing of the border areas, coastal and hinders the economic development of the state". - "The criminal activities of smuggling and trafficking in toxic substances, trafficking in guns, defiantly crossing raging in the border areas, coastal activities while armed robberies have happened, ... Things law violation was a serious threat to the security and stability of China frontier, disturbing social order and economic of the border areas ... ". 1.3.3. Some problems can consult Vietnam in exploiting the positive impact and limiting the negative impact from the economic development socialist market in the border regions of China Firstly, investment policies, build and consolidate infrastructure facilitates, the basic premise and important to develop the market economy and protect the sovereignty and security of national borders. Secondly, take reasonable care, improving the material life, the spirit of the people and the forces of developing the market economy and protecting the sovereignty and security of national borders. 14 factors to firmly hold the sovereignty and security of national borders in the Northern border provinces. Sixthly, the development of the socialist-oriented market economy creates the interlocking economic - defense - security - foreign affairs interests in the border area, secured to firmly consolidate the defense zone in the Northern border provinces. * Some negative impacts of developing the socialist-oriented market economy on the task of protecting the sovereignty and security of national borders in the Northern border provinces: Firstly, increase the tendency of running after only profits; pragmatic lifestyle, material respect; declining willpower and responsibility in protecting the sovereignty and security of national borders in the Northern border provinces. Secondly, raise the trend of the rich - poor gap across society increasingly clear, especially in the border area, strongly impacting the protection of the sovereignty and security of national borders in the Northern border provinces. Thirdly, the shortcomings of the socialist-oriented development market economy agent increases the crime, social evils and the law violations directly affect protected The sovereignty and security of national borders in the Northern border provinces. Fourthly, the weaknesses in the management and development of pure market economy cause adverse impacts on the ecological environment, limit and eliminate the conditions necessary to protect The sovereignty and security of national borders in the Northern border provinces. 1.3. Look at the experience of China in exploiting the positive impact and limit the negative impact of economic development in the socialist market to protect the sovereignty and security of national borders 1.3.1. Economic development socialist market in the border region of China adjacent to Vietnam China has a very large border area and mainly the remote, mountainous region where there were difficult and socio-economic constraints. Besides, in the process of innovation, opening up the policy approved by the uneven development, has created a fact that, the level of economic development of the West, especially in mountainous areas, border areas gap compared to the East. Recognizing the important role and require urgent care to build for the local border area of economic development strategies and protect the sovereignty and security of national borders, China has developed and implemented a series investment strategies, enhancing 11 efficiency, and the rate of capital contribution and other resources and through the social security system, social welfare. Fourthly, ensuring the role of managing and regulating the economy of the socialist rule of law, mechanisms, policies, strategies, planning, plans and economic resources; maintaining macroeconomic stability; create, develop adequate and uniform elements and all kinds of markets; improving the business environment, enhance the competitiveness of the economy. 1.1.1.3. The two – side nature of the socialist - oriented market economy - Positive sides : Firstly, create conditions for all individuals and economic organizations to promote all possibilities for exploitation and efficient use of resources, improving labor productivity and business efficiency. Secondly, economic structural change towards modernization; creating a competitive environment for economic actors, to address the needs for social work, promoting economic development. Thirdly, attract investment, improve production management, advanced technology applications in production and business. Fourthly, expand trade, finance, international investment and participation in the division of labor, proactive international economic integration. - Negative sides : Firstly, the agent led to the social stratification, between the rich - poor. Secondly, raises pragmatic lifestyle, chasing physical thing. Thirdly, causes an increase in crime - particularly economic crimes and accidents, social evils. Fourthly, the negative impact on the environment and ecology. 1.1.2. Developing socialist-oriented market economy in the Northern border provinces 1.1.2.1. Content of developing socialist-oriented market economy in the Northern border provinces Firstly, the market mechanism has been interpreted flexibly to exploit and develop the resources; all classes of people are encouraged to get rich legally coupled with gradual alleviation of poverty; Business freedoms of citizens under the law expanded and promoted, facilitated enrichment for themselves and contribute to society. Secondly, the economic sector, the market actors to be taken seriously, equality before the law, and development, cooperation and fair competition, the state economy gradually promote the role director. 12 Thirdly, local, economic units have strengthened in the international integration, especially with the neighboring countries Fourthly, the role of managing and regulating the economy of the State authority in the provinces increasingly being promoted. Fifthly, the elements and all kinds of markets initially created and developed. 1.1.2.2. Features of developing socialist-oriented market economy in the Northern border provinces Firstly, developing socialist-oriented market economy in the Northern border provinces has low and uneven starting points. Secondly, developing socialist-oriented market economy in the Northern border provinces has close relationship and is governed by the local neighbors (China) Thirdly, developing socialist-oriented market economy in the Northern border provinces is associated with the exploitation of potential, local resources and organizational characteristics of economy, culture and society of the region 1.2. Protect the sovereignty and security of national borders and the impact of the development of socialist-oriented market economy on protecting the sovereignty and security of national borders in the Northern border provinces 1.2.1. The conception and content of protecting the sovereignty and security of national borders 1.2.1.1. The conception on protecting the sovereignty and security of national borders * Relevant concepts: - National territory - Sovereignty - National borders - National border security Based on researching the related concepts, it’s possible to generalize the notion of protecting the sovereignty and security of national borders as follows: Protecting the sovereignty and security of national borders is to protect the highest right of the State over all matters within the territory in the national border area; maintain and preserve national borders on land, at sea, maintain political security and social order and safety in border area; the protection of state sovereignty for all aspects in the border area. 1.2.1.2. Content of protecting the sovereignty and security of national borders - Protect the national sovereignty 13 - Protect the political security - Protect the economic Security - Protect the cultural security, society and thought: 1.2.2. The concept and content of impact of developing the socialist- oriented market economy on protecting the sovereignty and security of national borders in the Northern border provinces 1.2.2.1. The perception on the impact of the development of socialist- oriented market economy on protecting the sovereignty and security of national borders in the Northern border provinces * Some relevant concepts: - Impacts - Development The impact of the development of socialist-oriented market economy on protecting the sovereignty and security of national borders in the Northern border provinces is the process of movement and change of the market economy towards modernization has positive and negative impacts on national sovereignty and the missions to protect the political security - economy - society - thought - culture in the national border area in the Northern border provinces. 1.2.2.2. The impacting content of the development of socialist-oriented market economy on protecting the sovereignty and security of national borders in the Northern border provinces * The positive impact of the development of socialist-oriented market economy on protecting the sovereignty and security of national borders in the Northern border provinces: Firstly, the development of the socialist-oriented market economy is an important economic base for protecting the sovereignty and security of national borders in the Northern border provinces. Secondly, contribute to building and developing infrastructure, enabling to exploit the dual use for protecting the sovereignty and security of national borders. Thirdly, improve and enhance the physical, spiritual life of the people and the armed forces; solidify the confidence of the masses on the Party, the army; develop and promote the people’s united posture in protecting the sovereignty and security of national borders in the Northern border provinces. Fourthly, the development of the socialist-oriented market economy facilitates to improve the quality of human resources in protecting the sovereignty and security of national borders in the Northern border provinces. Fifthly, develop the socialist-oriented market economy is associated with opening and integration to create a combination of domestic and abroad

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