Luận án Cấu trúc quần xã Động vật phù du trong Vịnh Bình Cang - Nha Trang và sự vận chuyển Cacbon và Nitơ từ Thực vật phù du sang Động vật phù du

Đã ghi nhận 194 loài động vật phù du thuộc 15 nhóm động vật trong khu vực nghiên cứu. Trong đó nhóm Chân mái chèo (Copepoda) chiếm ưu thế với 111 loài, tiếp sau đó là nhóm Có bao (Tunicata) với 20 loài và Sứa (Cnidaria) với 17 loài. Vịnh Nha Trang có số lượng loài cao nhất (172 loài) trong khi Đầm Nha Phu chỉ có 75 loài. Số lượng loài ĐPVD cao vào thời kỳ gió mùa Tây Nam (tháng 4 đến tháng 8) và thấp vào thời kỳ gió mùa Đông Bắc (tháng 9 đến tháng 1) và tập trung ở các trạm xa bờ trong Vịnh Bình Cang và Nha Trang. Mật độ ĐVPD có xu hướng giảm dần từ Đầm Nha Phu đến Vịnh Bình Cang và Nha Trang và nhóm Chân mái chèo là nhóm động vật quyết định chính đến tổng mật độ ĐVPD. Sự thay đổi về số lượng loài và mật độ cá thể của các nhóm động vật ăn động vật (Hàm tơ, Ấu trùng giáp xác, Có bao) có liên quan đến sự tăng hoặc giảm của nhóm Chân mái chèo

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Danh mục loài động vật phù du trong khu vực nghiên cứu STT Nhóm loài Trạm/Vùng Nha Phu Bình Cang Nha Trang 5 4 3 6 13 2B 9 10 11 12 1B Crustacea (Giáp xác) Amphipoda (Bơi nghiêng) 1 Amphilochus sp + 2 Hyperiella macronyx + 3 Lestrigonus schizogeneios + + + + + + + 4 Liljeborgia sp + 5 Lycaea pulex + 6 Phronimopsis spinifera + Cladocera (Râu nhánh) 1 Penilia avirostris + + + + + + + + + + 2 Pleopis schmackeri + + + + + + + 3 Pseudevadne tergestina + + + + + + + + + Ostracoda (Có vỏ) 1 Cypridina noctiluca + + + + + + 2 Euconchoecia bifurcata + + + + + + + + + 3 Fellia sp + Copepoda (Chân mái chèo) Calanoida 1 Acartia amboinensis + + + + + + + + + 2 Acartia bispinosa + + + + + + + + + + + 3 Acartia danae + + + + + + + + + 4 Acartia erythraea + + + + + + + + + + + 5 Acartia negligens + + + + + + + + + + + 6 Acartia pacifica + + + + + + + + + + + 7 Acartia tsuensis + 8 Acartiella sinensis + 9 Acrocalanus gibber + + + + + + + + + + + 10 Acrocalanus gracilis + + + + + + + + + + 11 Acrocalanus longicornis + + + + + + 12 Acrocalanus monachus + + + 13 Bestiola sp + + + + + + + + + + + 14 Calanopia eliptica + + + + + + + + + + 15 Calanopia minor + + + + + + + + + 16 Calanopia thompsoni + + + + + + 17 Calanus sinicus + + + + + + 18 Calocalanus pavo + + + + + + + + + 19 Calocalanus plumulosus + + + + + + + + + 20 Calocalanus styliremis + + + + + + + + + 21 Candacia bradyi + + + + + + + 22 Candacia catula + + + + + + + iii STT Nhóm loài Trạm/Vùng Nha Phu Bình Cang Nha Trang 5 4 3 6 13 2B 9 10 11 12 1B 23 Candacia discaudata + + 24 Candacia truncata + 25 Canthocalanus pauper + + + + + + + + + + 26 Centropages dorsispinatus + + + 27 Centropages furcatus + + + + + + + + + + + 28 Centropages gracilis + + 29 Centropages longicornis + + + 30 Centropages orsini + + + + + + + + + + 31 Clausocalanus arcuicornis + + + + + + + + + + 32 Clausocalanus furcatus + + + + + + + + + 33 Copepod nauplier spp. + + + + + + + + + + + 34 Copepoditter spp. + + + + + + + + + + + 35 Cosmocalanus darwini + + 36 Haloptilus longicornis + 37 Labidocera acuta + + + + + 38 Labidocera bipinata + + 39 Labidocera minuta + + + + + + + + + 40 Lucicutia flavicornis + + + + + + + 41 Lucicutia ovalis + + + + + + + 42 Mecynocera clausi + + + + + + + + + 43 Metacalanus aurivilii + + + + + + + 44 Neocalnus gracilis + 45 Paracalanus aculeatus + + + + + + + + + + + 46 Paracalanus crassirostris + + + + + + + + + + + 47 Paracalanus gracilis + + + + + + + + + + + 48 Paracalanus parvus + + + + + + + + + + + 49 Pareucalanus attenuatus + 50 Pontellina plumata + + 51 Pseudodiaptomus annandalei + + 52 Pseudodiaptomus clevei + + + 53 Pseudodiaptomus incisus + + + + + + + 54 Pseudodiaptomus sp + + + 55 Scolecithricella bradyi + + + + + 56 Scolecithricella longispinosa + + + + + + + 57 Scolecithrix nicobarica + + + + + + + + + 58 Subeucalanus crassus + 59 Subeucalanus subcrassus + + + + + + + + + + + 60 Temora discaudata + + + + + + + + + 61 Temora stylifera + + + + + + + + + 62 Temora turbinata + + + + + + + + + + + 63 Tortanus barbatus + + + 64 Tortanus forcipatus + + + + + + + + + iv STT Nhóm loài Trạm/Vùng Nha Phu Bình Cang Nha Trang 5 4 3 6 13 2B 9 10 11 12 1B 65 Tortanus gracilis + + + + + + + + + + + 66 Undinula vulgaris + + + + + + + Cyclopoida 67 Copilia mirabilis + + + + + 68 Copilia quadrata + + 69 Corycaeus agilis + + + + + + + 70 Corycaeus andrewsi + + + + + + + + + + + 71 Corycaeus asiaticus + + + + + + + + + 72 Corycaeus carinata + + 73 Corycaeus catus + + + + + + + + + 74 Corycaeus concinnus + + 75 Corycaeus crassiusculus + + + + + 76 Corycaeus dahli + + + + + + + + + + + 77 Corycaeus erythraeus + + + + + + + + + + + 78 Corycaeus gibbulus + + + + + + + + + + 79 Corycaeus longicauda + + 80 Corycaeus lubbocki + + + + + + + + + + 81 Corycaeus pacificus + + + + + + + + 82 Corycaeus sp + + + + + + + + + + + 83 Corycaeus speciosus + + + + + + 84 Kelleria sp + + + + + + + 85 Oithona attenuata + + + + + + + + + + + 86 Oithona brevicornis + + + + + + + + + + + 87 Oithona fallax + + + + + + + + + + 88 Oithona nana + + + + + + + + + + + 89 Oithona oculata + + + + + + + + + 90 Oithona plumifera + + + + + + + + + + + 91 Oithona rigida + + + + + + + + + + + 92 Oithona setigera + + + + + + + + + 93 Oithona similis + + 94 Oithona simplex + + + + + + + + + + + 95 Oithona tenuis + + + + + + + + 96 Oncaea conifera + + + + + + + + + 97 Oncaea mediterranea + + + + + + + + + 98 Oncaea similis + + + + + + + 99 Oncaea spp. + + + + + + + 100 Oncaea venusta + + + + + + + + + 101 Saphhirina nigromaculata + + + + + + + + + 102 Sapphirina angusta + 103 Sapphirina ovatolanceolata + + + + Hapacticoida 104 Clytemnestra scutellata + + + + + + + + + + v STT Nhóm loài Trạm/Vùng Nha Phu Bình Cang Nha Trang 5 4 3 6 13 2B 9 10 11 12 1B 105 Eudactylopus sp + + 106 Euterpina acutifrons + + + + + + + + + + + 107 Harpacticus sp + + 108 Longipedia weberi + + + + + + + 109 Macrosetella gracilis + + + + + + + + + 110 Metis jusseaumei + + + 111 Microsetella norvegica + + + + + + + + + + + Sergestidea (Tôm trấu) 1 Lucifer hanseni + + + + + + + + + + + 2 Lucifer penicillifer + + + Mysidacea (Tôm cám) 1 Anchialina sp + 2 Gastrosaccus sp. + 3 Pseudanchialina pusilla + Cumacea (Tôm sen) 1 Diastylis sp + + 2 Iphi sp + Mollusca (Thân mềm) 1 Abyla leuckarti + + 2 Abylopsis eschsholtzi + + + + + 3 Agalma elegans + + + + + 4 Aglaura hemistoma + + + + + + + + + 5 Bougainvillia spp. + + + 6 Diphyes chamissonis + + + + + + + + + 7 Eirene viridula + + + 8 Eudoxoides spiralis + + 9 Halistemma rubrum + + + + + + 10 Lensia subtiloides + + + + + + + + + + + 11 Liriope tetraphylla + + + + + + 12 Nausithoe puncata + + + + + + + 13 Obelia spp. + + + + + + + + + 14 Phialidium sp + 15 Sarsia sp. + + + + + + + + + + + 16 Solmundella butentaculata + + + + + + + + + 17 Sulculeolaria sp + + + + + + + + + Gastropoda (Chân bụng) 1 Agdina sp + + + + + + 2 Atlanta fusca + + + + 3 Cavo lon + 4 Creseis acicula + + + + + + + + + 5 Creseis virgula + + + + + + 6 Desmopterus papilio + + + + + vi STT Nhóm loài Trạm/Vùng Nha Phu Bình Cang Nha Trang 5 4 3 6 13 2B 9 10 11 12 1B 7 Limacina bulimoides + + 8 Limacina trochiformis + + + Polychaeta (Giun nhiều tơ) 1 Maupasia spp + 2 Pelagobia longicirrata + + + + + + + + 3 Phalacrophorus sp + + + + + + + + + + + 4 Rhynchonerella sp + 5 Sagitella kowalevskii + 6 Tomopteris sp. + + + + + + + 7 Travisiopsis dubia + + + + + + + Tunicata (Có bao) 1 Appendicularia sicula + + + + + + 2 Dolioletta gegenbauri + + + + + + + + + 3 Doliolum denticulatum + + + + + + + + 4 Fritillaria borealis + + + + + + + + 5 Fritillaria formica + + + + + + + + + 6 Fritillaria haplostoma + + + + + + + + + 7 Fritillaria pellucida + + + + + + + + + + 8 Fritillaria spp + + + + + + + + + + 9 Frittilaria gracilis + + + + + + + + + + + 10 Iasis zonaria + + + + + + + + 11 Kowalevskia sp + 12 Megalocercus huxleyi + + + + + + + 13 Oikopleura cornutogastra + + + + + + + + + 14 Oikopleura dioica + 15 Oikopleura fusiformis + + + + + + + + + + + 16 Oikopleura longicauda + + + + + + + + + + 17 Oikopleura rufescens + + + + 18 Pegea confoederata + 19 Salpa fusiformis + + 20 Thalia democratica + + + + + + + + + Chaetognatha (Hàm tơ) 1 Krohnitta pacifica + + + + + + + + + + + 2 Pterosagitta draco + 3 Sagitta bedoti + 4 Sagitta delicata + + + + + + 5 Sagitta enflata + + + + + + + + + + + 6 Sagitta hexaptera + + 7 Sagitta neglecta + + + + + + + + + 8 Sagitta regularis + 9 Sagitta robusta + Ctenophora (Sứa lược) vii STT Nhóm loài Trạm/Vùng Nha Phu Bình Cang Nha Trang 5 4 3 6 13 2B 9 10 11 12 1B 1 Beroe forskalii + 2 Hormiphora plumosa + + + + + + + + + + + 3 Pleurobrachia pileus + + + + + + + + + + viii Phụ lục 2. Danh sách loài/nhóm loài thuộc các nhóm động vật theo tập tính bắt mồi. Tham khảo từ: Reeve. M. R. 1970, Timonin 1971, Paffenhöfer và Knowles 1980, Fenchel 1988, Mauchline 1998, Giesecke và González 2004, Troedsson và cs. 2009, Lombard và cs. 2011, Sullivan và Kremer 2011, Navarro-Barranco và cs. 2013, Tavares và cs. 2013. STT Nhóm loài Trạm 3 4 5 6 9 10 11 12 13 1B 2B Động vật ăn động vật 1 Candacia bradyi + + + + + + + 2 Candacia catula + + + + + + + 3 Candacia discaudata + + 4 Candacia truncata + 5 Pontellina plumata + + 6 Tortanus barbatus + + + 7 Tortanus forcipatus + + + + + + + + + 8 Tortanus gracilis + + + + + + + + + + + 9 Krohnitta pacifica + + + + + + + + + + + 10 Pterosagitta draco + 11 Sagitta bedoti + 12 Sagitta delicata + + + + + + 13 Sagitta enflata + + + + + + + + + + + 14 Sagitta hexaptera + + 15 Sagitta neglecta + + + + + + + + + 16 Sagitta regularis + 17 Sagitta robusta + 18 Abyla leuckarti + + 19 Abylopsis eschsholtzi + + + + + 20 Agalma elegans + + + + + 21 Aglaura hemistoma + + + + + + + + + 22 Bougainvillia spp. + + + 23 Diphyes chamissonis + + + + + + + + + 24 Eirene viridula + + + 25 Eudoxoides spiralis + + 26 Halistemma rubrum + + + + + + 27 Lensia subtiloides + + + + + + + + + + + 28 Liriope tetraphylla + + + + + + 29 Nausithoe puncata + + + + + + + 30 Obelia spp. + + + + + + + + + 31 Phialidium sp + 32 Sarsia sp. + + + + + + + + + + + 33 Solmundella butentaculata + + + + + + + + + 34 Sulculeolaria sp + + + + + + + + + 35 Beroe forskalii + 36 Hormiphora plumosa + + + + + + + + + + + ix STT Nhóm loài Trạm 3 4 5 6 9 10 11 12 13 1B 2B 37 Pleurobrachia pileus + + + + + + + + + + 38 Agdina sp + + + + + + 39 Atlanta fusca + + + + 40 Cavo lon + 41 Creseis acicula + + + + + + + + + 42 Creseis Juvenile + + + + 43 Creseis virgula + + + + + + 44 Desmopterus papilio + + + + + 45 Limacina bulimoides + + 46 Limacina trochiformis + + + 47 Maupasia spp + 48 Pelagobia longicirrata + + + + + + + + 49 Phalacrophorus sp + + + + + + + + + + + 50 Rhynchonerella sp + 51 Sagitella kowalevskii + 52 Tomopteris sp. + + + + + + + 53 Travisiopsis dubia + + + + + + + 54 Lucifer hanseni + + + + + + + + + + + 55 Lucifer Juvenile + + + + + + + + + + + 56 Lucifer penicillifer + + + 57 Appendicularia sicula + + + + + + 58 Dolioletta gegenbauri + + + + + + + + + 59 Doliolum denticulatum + + + + + + + + 60 Fritillaria borealis + + + + + + + + 61 Fritillaria formica + + + + + + + + + 62 Fritillaria haplostoma + + + + + + + + + 63 Fritillaria pellucida + + + + + + + + + + 64 Fritillaria spp + + + + + + + + + + 65 Frittilaria gracilis + + + + + + + + + + + 66 Iasis zonaria + + + + + + + + 67 Kowalevskia sp + 68 Megalocercus huxleyi + + + + + + + 69 Oikopleura cornutogastra + + + + + + + + + 70 Oikopleura dioica + 71 Oikopleura fusiformis + + + + + + + + + + + 72 Oikopleura longicauda + + + + + + + + + + 73 Oikopleura rufescens + + + + 74 Pegea confoederata + 75 Salpa fusiformis + + 76 Thalia democratica + + + + + + + + + Động vật ăn thực vật 1 Acartia amboinensis + + + + + + + + + 2 Acartia bispinosa + + + + + + + + + + + x STT Nhóm loài Trạm 3 4 5 6 9 10 11 12 13 1B 2B 3 Acartia danae + + + + + + + + + 4 Acartia erythraea + + + + + + + + + + + 5 Acartia Juvenile + + + + + + + + + + + 6 Acartia negligens + + + + + + + + + + + 7 Acartia pacifica + + + + + + + + + + + 8 Acartia tsuensis + 9 Acartiella sinensis + 10 Acrocalanus gibber + + + + + + + + + + + 11 Acrocalanus gracilis + + + + + + + + + + 12 Acrocalanus Juvenile + + + + + + + + + + 13 Acrocalanus longicornis + + + + + + 14 Acrocalanus monachus + + + 15 Bestiola sp + + + + + + + + + + + 16 Calanoid Juvenile + + + + + + + + + + 17 Calanopia eliptica + + + + + + + + + + 18 Calanopia Juvenile + + + + + + + + + + + 19 Calanopia minor + + + + + + + + + 20 Calanopia thompsoni + + + + + + 21 Calanus sinicus + + + + + + 22 Calocalanus Juvenile + + + + + + + + + 23 Calocalanus plumulosus + + + + + + 24 Calocalanus styliremis + + + + + + + + 25 Candacia Juvenile + + + + + + + + 26 Canthocalanus Juvenile + + + + + + + + + + 27 Canthocalanus pauper + + + 28 Centropages Juvenile + + + + + + + + + + + 29 Clausocalanus arcuicornis + + + + + + + + + + 30 Clausocalanus furcatus + + + + + + + + + 31 Clausocalanus Juvenile + + + + + + + + + 32 Copepod nauplier spp. + + + + + + + + + + + 33 Copepoditter spp. + + + + + + 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12 13 1B 2B 6 Phronimopsis spinifera + 7 Acartia bispinosa + + 8 Acartia erythraea + + + 9 Acartia negligens + 10 Acartia pacifica + + + + + 11 Acartia tsuensis + 12 Calocalanus pavo + + + + + + + + + 13 Calocalanus plumulosus + + + + + + + + + 14 Calocalanus styliremis + + + + + + + + + 15 Canthocalanus pauper + + + + + + + + + + 16 Centropages dorsispinatus + + + 17 Centropages furcatus + + + + + + + + + + + 18 Centropages gracilis + + 19 Centropages longicornis + + + 20 Centropages orsini + + + + + + + + + + 21 Haloptilus longicornis + 22 Neocalnus gracilis + 23 Paracalanus aculeatus + + + + + + + + + + + 24 Paracalanus crassirostris + + + + + + + + + + + 25 Paracalanus gracilis + + + + + + + + + + + 26 Paracalanus parvus + + + + + + + + + + + 27 Pareucalanus attenuatus + 28 Scolecithricella bradyi + + 29 Scolecithricella longispinosa + 30 Scolecithrix nicobarica + + + + + + 31 Subeucalanus crassus + 32 Subeucalanus subcrassus + + + + + + + + + + + 33 Temora discaudata + + + + + + + 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Oithona plumifera + + + + + + + + + + + 60 Oithona rigida + + + + + + + + + + + 61 Oithona setigera + + + + + + + + + 62 Oithona similis + + 63 Oithona simplex + + + + + + + + + + + 64 Oithona tenuis + + + + + + + + 65 Oncaea conifera + + + + + + + + + 66 Oncaea mediterranea + + + + + + + + + 67 Oncaea similis + + + + + + + 68 Oncaea spp. + + + + + + + 69 Oncaea venusta + + + + + + + + + 70 Euterpina acutifrons + + + + + + + + + + + 71 Harpacticus sp + + 72 Anchialina sp + 73 Gastrosaccus sp. + 74 Pseudanchialina pusilla + 75 Cypridina noctiluca + + + + + + 76 Euconchoecia bifurcata + + + + + + + + + 77 Fellia sp + 78 Sagitta Juvenile + + + + + + + + + + +

Các file đính kèm theo tài liệu này:

  • pdfluan_an_cau_truc_quan_xa_dong_vat_phu_du_trong_vinh_binh_can.pdf
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