Tài liệu ôn thi tuyển sinh sau đại học môn tiếng Anh - Đại học kinh tế Tp Hồ Chí Minh

Marks & Spencer (M&S) is Britain's favourite store. Tourists Jove it, too. It attracts a great variety of customers, from housewives to millionaires. The duchess of York, Dustin lIoffman, and the British Prime Minis1er arc just a few of its famous customers. Last year it made a profit of 529 mmion pounds, which is more than 10 million pounds a week. It all started 105 years ago, when a ,\'oung Polish immigrant, Michael Marks, had a stall in Leedsmarket. lie didn't have many things to sel1; some cotton, a little \vool, lots of buttons, and a few shoelaces. Ten years later, he met Tom Spencer and together they started staBs in many towns in the North of "ngJand, Today there, arc 564 branches of M&S all over the world in America, Canada, Spain, France, Belgium, and Hungary.

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............ ................ Passage 3 In the Western world, the role of women in the workforce has greatly increased since the 1960s. Various new laws in the 1970s aimed to give women equal rights with men at work, and today the number of women in work has rcached nearly' half the total in a number of countries - although many female jobs arc in fact part-time ones. 11. Did women in the workforce enjoy equaJ rights with men before the 1960s? ................. .............. ................ 12. What was good about various ne\'-,' la\vs in the 1970s? .................................... ............. ................. 13. Arc there more men than women in the workforce in many countries nowada.'ls? .................................................. ........... ........... .......... 14-15. Which words / phrases inthepassage mean many.. ............ .................. ............ ajab in which a person works regularly for a part of the usual working time. ........... Passage 4 When a customer notices a problem with a recent purchase once he or she left the store, there Tili li~u on thi tie'ng Anh is usually the option of returning the item to the store either for cash or for an exchange. Most shops in the United States have a policy' of trusting the customer when something is brought back to a store due to damage. The customer should have the receipt showing the price, and where and when the item was purchased. Most stores stipulate an amount of time, such as 60 days, within which items can be returned. However, s~ores have different policies about whether they return money, require an exchange, or give the customer credit. Some stores will not accept returns on items which were bought on sale. 16. Can a customer return a damaged purchase to the store whenever he/s"he wants'~ .. . . . . . . . .. ........................ 17. What is regarded as proof of the purchase? ................................. ........... ........................... 18. HO\v can most shops help customers when they bring an item back due to damage? .............. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. ". . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19. What does "theI!" in "whether thell return money, require an exchange.. . "refer to'~ ............. .. ............... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20. Some shops in the United States do not accept returns on items bought on sale, do they? ............................................................................................................ .................... SECTION 3: READING CLOZE (10 marks) Instructions: Complete the following passage with the missing words, Fill in each blank with ONE suitable word only. l3usiness l,ngJish can be very formal (I) .............. ............ very informal. (2) ......................... .. is true of both written and (3) .......... language. It depends on who you arc speaking or writing to and for what (4) .... If you arc writing a contract, your (5) \vill be ven" formal. If .you arc replying to a fax from a colleague (6) know, you \\"111probably write a sbort note on his fax and fax (7) .......... back, (8) you are writing to an American colleague, your language will probably be less formal (9) .you arc writing to a .Japanese (10) ... ..if ............ Practice test /2 PART 2: WRITING SECTION 1: CONTROLLED WRITING (15 marks) Instructions: From the following suggested words and phrases in the given sequences, make all the changes and additions necessary to produce sentences, which together make a complete paragraph in a memo Follow the example. Example: ! be happy I get I letter I offer me I job I your company I Answer: [ was happy when I got your letter, in which you offer me a job in your campany. MEMO TO: AIl employees FROM: !lead of Personnel Department SUl3JECT: New appointment DATE: 19 May 2001 ] -2 we I pleased I announce I appointment I Mrs Marie Teicher I head I quality control I ,....................................................... ..................................................................................................................................... 3-4. Marie I study I chemical engineering I University of Utrecht I then I get I Ml3A I Claremont College I ........... ................... ............... .......... ...................... ............... ............................. s. after I graduate I begin I work I Chem Tech Suppliers I Belgium I ................. ...................................... ........... ..................... .................................................... 6. she I become I assistant production manager I ] 989 I help I develop I new products I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ............ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ............ 7-8. Marie I leave I company I 199] I join I Voleker Foods of California I head I research and development / ........... ............. .......... ................... 75 T(ji lifll 6n [hi titng Anh 9. she I spend I two years I United States I .............................................................. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .......... .......... ........................................... .............. 10. last year Ibriefly I visit lour IMilan plant I so impressed Ishe Ideeide Ireturn I Europe I ...................... ................ ............. .......... SECTION 2: SENTENCE TRANSFORMATION (15 marks) Instructions: Use the words given to rewrite each of the following sentences in such a way that it means exactly the same as the original sentence. 1. The teacher is too busy. He can't join )'ou. If the teacher ......................... .................................. 2. "If you work hard, you will pass the exam" she said to me. I \vas advised ........ .......... ........................... 3. lie can't get the job because he is not qualified for it lie is not qualified...... ........................................................ .................. 4. It took us two months to prepare for this important cxaminatjon. We spent ........ ........... 5. Learning English gives her a lot of pleasure She enjoys. ................... ........................ ....................... 6. This book is interesting. I will take it to the photocopy shop. I \"ill have the book ............ ............ 7. She can speak English marc fluently than me. I can't . ........... 8. I am sorry I can't attend the meeting tonight I wish ...................... ............ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9. I Jast saw them when 1 was on business in lIa noi I haven't ...... ............................. .................... ................... Practice tesl 12 10. [ think the presentation has been worthwhile. I find the presentation ................................................... SECTION 3: TRANSLATION (15 marks) Translate the following sentences into English. 1. Thanh ph6 Ho Chi Minh nam a phia bac dong bang s6ng Me k6ng .................................... .................. 2. Vi tri dia Iy cua thanh ph6 da giup tao nen the manh kinh te cua d!a phuong. ............................ .................... ......................... 3. EJong bang s6ng Me k6ng la khu vuc san xuat gao Ion nhat cua Viet nam. .................... ...................... .................. .................. 4-5 Dan 56 Ho chi Minh tang tUng ngay. M6t trong nhung nguyen nhan gay nen tinh trang nay la do dan eLf tU vung n6ng th6n don ve thanh ph6 mong dUQc hu.ong Idi tU nen kinh te. dang tang truang. ............ ................ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .......................... Translate the following sentences into Vietnamese 6-8. People form an impression of you from the \vay you speak and behavc - not just from the way you do your work. People in different countries have different ideas 01 what sounds friendly, polite or sincere - and of what sounds rude or unfriend1y ........................... ......................... ............................ 7". , -- -- - Tili li~u on thi tien Anh 9- 1a Prices for exports may be quoted in the buyer's currency, the seller's currency or in a third 'hard' currency. The prices quoted- always indicate the terms of delivery, which conform to the international standard Incoterms. ......................... ................................................................................................................ .......................... ........................................................................................................ ............... This is the end of Practice test 12 @ 78 what to book gelling objected all right on got by the way Practice test 13 PRACTICE TEST 13 PART 1: VOCABULARY AND READING COMPREHENSION SECTION 1: VOCABULARY (20 marks) Instructions: Choose the best word/phrase in the box below to complete the sentences that follow. Each word/phrase can be used ONCE ONLY. " ~ ~- -~~ ~--~-- ~--- - . make sure whereabouts --I requirements however if with in touch too bad glad pleasure won arranged ---~ . u ~_" j 1. We have to wait and see the government decides. 2. If you need more information, do please get with me. 3. ............................... do you come from in Australia? 4. What's the best way of there and how long do you think it will take? 5. Can you help me .. .......... the menu? 6. It's a great to meet you, Mr. Brown. 7. I'dJike to have just a plain omc1ette, if that's ........................ 8. ]']] .................... .......... Mrs. Hanson callsyou back as soon as she's free. 9. ........................... ... you can call me at home tomorro\v morning, I'd be very gratefuL 10. Where would you go if you a lot of money? 11. I've to see Mr. Ferguson. I think I may be a bit early. 12. We'd like some accommodation for five nights. 13. He'll call you when he's the information. 14, How is Stephania? nOh, she's fine. She sends her regards, ........ .......... .............. 15. Shall we move on to the next item the agenda? 79 Practict! tt!st /3 PART 2: WRITING SECTION 1: CONTROLLED WRITING (10 marks) Instructions: From the following set of words and phrases in the given sequences, make all 'the changes and additions necessary to produce sentences, which together make a complete letter. Note carefully from the example what kind of changes need to be made. Write each sentence in the space provided. . Example: I be / happy / get / letter / offer me / job / your eompany Answer: I was happy when J got your letter in which you oIfer me a job ill your compnny. 1. Thank you / much / your enquiry "..... ." ,................ 2. We be / of course / familiar / your range / vehicles ...................................................................................................... 3. We/pleased /inform you/we have/new line/in batteries / fit / your specifications i exaeth. ............................................................................................................ 4. most suitable / our products / your requirements / be / Artemis 66A Plus. ~.......................................... .......................... 5. This product / be / now / availab1c / stock. ................................................................................................ 6. I / enclose / dctai1cd quotation / prices / delivery terms. ................................................................................................................ ................... 7. As / you / see / this quote ,j our prices / be i very competitive. .................................................................................................. 8. If / you / would like / further information, / please contact me / phone. / Mv extension / be / 776 ............... ..................... 9. Or / you / may prefer / contact / my assistant, / Mr. Martin, ! 01 77')C)02 .......................................... .............................................. .................... 10. I / look forward / hear / you. ............................................. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - -- - ..- ---- .- Tili li~u on thi tieng Anh SECTION 2: SENTENCE TRANSFORMATION (15marks) Instructions: Use the word given to rewrite each of the following sentences in such a way that it means exactly the same as the original sentence 1. To have a visa is essential if you intend to visit the USA. It's essential ;.............. ......................................... 2. We received Mr. Wright's application form yesterday. lie is a very promising candidate. Mr. Wright, whose................................................................. ...................................... 3. The customer shou'ld receive the delivery by Friday The delivery ............. ........ 4. " Take your time, please", said the supervisor. The supervisor told me. ........................................................................ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5. I don't kno,,,,, the managcr's decision, so r can't tcl] you. If J ......... ..................................................................................................................... 6. The store was too crowded for me to enter. Thc store was so ..................................................................... ............................................. 7. The order arrived late but we were able to supply the goods on time. Although the order ........................................... ............ ..................... 8. During the time we've been talking, my boss has handed me the file. While we'vc . ..................................................................... ................... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9. As there was a mistake in the hotel booking, 1 had to find another hotel. Because of , ,.......................... .................................... . . . . . . . . . . . 10. We must redecorate our building before Christmas. Our building needs. .............................................. ................................ 84 Practice test J3 SECTION 3: TRANSLATION (15 marks) Translate the following sentences into English I. Nam ngoai , c6 khoang 1300 ngLioi dii. dLiQc nhan vao lam viec tai khu che xuat Tan Thuan, nhLing 770 ngLioi dii. b[ thoi vi$c .................................................................................................................................................. .............................................................................- ........... 2. Can Tho hy vong thu hut khoan dau tLi nLioc ngoai 1 tTdo la My trong thoi gian tOi .................................................................................................................................................. .................................................................................................................................................. 3. Chat ILiong san philm Iii yeu t6 quyet dinh trang chien ILiQCphat trien thi phan cua cong ty chung toi ....................................................................... ............... ........... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4. Chinh phu can phai tich c\lc giup cac doanh nghi$p Vi$t Nam tham nhiip vilo cac thi trLiong Ion cua the gioi ...................................... .................................................................... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ......................................... ................ 5. Phan h6i tU cac doanh nghi$p tai bUDi gap go voi Thu TLiong nam 1999 cho thay 80% yeu cau cua hQ dii. dLiOC dap Ling. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ............................................................................................................................................... Translate the following sentences into Vietnamese 6. Houses for the poor in the Mekong Delta is a very big project implemented by the government for years. ............................................... ......................................... .............................................. ................ 7. I~eprescntatives from housing construction companies suggested that 40%) of the costs for housing construction for the poor in the Mekong Delta should be lent by the government and be repaid within 5-10 years. - - ---- Tili lieu on thi lieng Anh ........-.................................. ................................................................................................................... 8. Scientists and manufacturers introduce new building materials with a view to rcducjng construction costs. ... .......... ........................ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ............................................................................ 9. Some representatives suggested that houses jn the Mekong Delta should be mobile to avoid floods, easy to be installed, light, durable and eheap. ................................ ................................. .............................. 10. The government has established a board in charge of technology, economy and material programme to devise and carry out national policieson houses forthe poor. ..................................................... ................ ................. .............. ......................... ............. This is the end of Practice test 13 86 . Practice test 14 PRACTICE TEST 14 PART 1: VOCABULARY AND READING COMPREHENSION SECTION 1: VOCABULARY (20 marks) Instructions: Choose the best word/phrase in the box below to complete the sentences that follow. Each word/phrase can be used ONCE ONLY i n---------soon recommend introduce with driving there's ahead in case ever before exhausted at least mustn't operating afford to do because how long regardless get back -- -- ---------------- 1. I don't know why this has happened. I'll to you this afternoon. 2. Before thc machine, you must tighten the screws. 3. There arc ten good reasons why we shouldn't do that. 4. What I'd like you is t(Hhink of some foreign brand names. 5. The meeting finished late too much time \vas allo\vcd for dlscussl0n. 6. one point I'd like to make here. 7. Can you a nice local dish? 8. I'll take an overnight bag 1 have to stay the night. 9. Have you travelled by boat? 10. I've been to Vietnam , but this is the first time in HCM City. 11. , after the meeting, he dropped his briefcase onto the desk. 12. I don't know anyone here. You have to me. 13. She sit in the smoking section because she's allergic to smoke. 14. Can I go through to the departure lounge now? - Certainly. Go .............................. 15. !<;very country has different customs and you can't to get it wrong. 87 -- - ------- _n _ ------- -- - - Tai {ifu 6n lhi tie'ng Anh SECTION 2: READING COMPREHENSION (30 marks) Instructions: There are four passages. Read each passage carefully and then answer the questions that follow. Write your answers in the provided space Passage 1 Marks & Spencer (or M&S) is Britain's favourite store. It bases its business on three principles: good value, good quality, and good service. Also, it changes with the times _ once it was alljumpers and knickers. Now it's food, furniture, and flowers as well. Top fashion designers advise on styles of clothes. But perhaps the most important key to its success is its happy, welJ-trained staff. Conditions of work arc; excellent. There arc company doctors, dentists, hairdressers. and even chiropodists to look after the staff, and all the staff can have lunch for under 40p! I. What does M&S stand for? ................. ................... 2. What fundamental rules is its business based on? ...................................... ........... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3. Whiil kinds of goods docs the store sell? ........... . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. ....................................................... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4. What is the main reason for its success? ............ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. ............... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5. Name some excellent working conditions offered by M&S ........... ................ ............................................. .............. Passage 2 Buses in London arc cheap, convenient, and give a frequent and comprehensive service throughout the central area and the suburbs. You choose }'our bus by the number and destination shown on the front and you can consult the detailed bus map (availabJe at Travel Enquiry Offices and Underground stations), or the Visitor's bus map on the other side of the folder. Most bus stops show which bus numbers stop there, give details of whG're the buses go and may sho\v a map of the other stops in the area. If you arc not sure which bus to catch, other people in the queue will probably be able to help you. (Don't forget to queue up, British stvle. .when waiting for the bus. It's fairer for everybody). 6. What is the bus service in London like? ........... ......................................................... xx Practice test /4 7. Where can you get a bus map? ..................................................................................................... ........... 8. What can you find out at most bus stops? ...................... ............................................................................................... 9. What must people do when waiting for the bus? Why do they do so? ........... ............................... 10. What word/phrase from the passage means "stand in line "? ............ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Passage 3 There arc different sorts of business meeting, and how the participants behave varies from country to country. Meetings in Haly seem to be the most informal in Europe. Thc." don't usually foHm\.' an agenda and people often come and go as the)' please. (n fact, sometimes Italian meetings arc l110re like a social gathering, used to reinforce a sense of togetherness. It's very different in Spain, where meetings do litt1c to create a team spirit. The Spanish prefer to be independent and make decisions on their own. Meetings arc often a waste of time bc.cause it is impossible to get everyone to agree. 11. What is the passage about? .................... ................................. ................... 12. Wh.\' arc ltahm1 meetings considered the most informal in I~urope? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ........................ ................................. 13. What are Italian meetings generally siml1ar to'~ ........................................................................................................................................... 14. Is there a strong team spirlt at Spanish meetings? Why or \vhy not? -.... ........... ............ .................... 15. What docs "people" in " and people often come and go as they please. "refer to') ........................... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. ......................... .............. Passage 4 The ~Japanese have a special \va:' of making decisions. They call itthe consensus system. This is how it \\'orks. When a firm is thinking of taklng a certain action, it encourages workers at all levels to discuss the proposal and give their opinions. The purpose is to reach general agreement. A.s soon as everyone agrees on the right course of action, the decision is taken. -- -- -- - - - - -- - - - - -- - - - - - - - - - - - - Tai li~u (In thi tie'ng Anh Because of this method, a, group of workers, rather than one person, is responsible for company policies. One advantage of this is that decisions come from a mixturc of cxpcrience from the top, the middle and the bottom of the enterprise. Another advantage is that junior staff frequently suggests ideas for change 16. What do the ,Japanese call their way of making decisions? ........................................................................................................ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. ............ 17. Why are workers at all levels required to give their opinions? ...................................................................................................... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18. When is a decision takcn? ................................................................................................. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19. Who is in charge of company policies? ........................................................................................................................ ............. 20. What is good about the Japanese way of making decisions? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ................................... SECTION 3: READING CLOZE (10 marks) Instructions: Complete the following passage with the missing words. Fill in each blank with ONE suitable word only. Travelling by train has many (I) There are no stressful traffic jams,(2) trains are fast and comfortable. You can (3) the lime indifferent ways. You can just sit and read, (4) watch the world go by. You can work, or you can (51 a meal or a snack in the buffet car. Travelling this way (6). trains cannot take (9) ... sometimes cro\vded and ,delayed. You have to travel at certain times and has some disadvantages. (7) is expensive and the trains (8) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . from door to door. You need a bus or a taxi to take you to the (10) . ...................... station. t)(J Practice test 14 PART 2: WRITING SECTION 1: CONTROLLED WRITING (10 marks) Instructions: From the following sets of words and phrases in the given sequences, makes all the changes and additions necessary to produce sentences, which together make a complete letter. Note carefully from the example what kind of changes need to be made. Write each sentence in the space provided Example: Ibehappy I get I letter I offer me I job I your company Answer: I was happy when I got your letter in which you offer me a job in your company 1. I see I advertisement I personal assistant I Tuoi Tre 'newspaper ............................................................................................................... .................... 2. I I would like I apply I post ........................................................................ 3. I be I 28 years old I educate I Gia Dinh high school IHCM City Col1ege of Economics ................................................................................................................................... 4. I I study F:nglish I intermediate level I speak it I fluently . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ............ 5. last six years I I work I personal assistant I Finance Director I Saigon Petro ................................. 6. Unfortunately I company move I head office I lIanoi ........................................... ...................... 7. Therefore II decide I look for I new job IHCM City ............................................................. 8. I be I holiday I until I 21 June I but I be available I interview I any day I after that ..................................................... ........................... 9. I be I able I take up I new post I any date I IJuly .................................................................................. ......................................... 10. I look I forward I your reply ............................................................... ................................... ........................... 91 -- --- --- -------------- Tiii li~u on thi tien Anh SECTION 2: SENTENCE TRANSFORMATION (15marks) Instructions: Use the words given to write each of the following sentences in such a way that it means exactly the same as the original sentence. 1. "Arc you seeing my colleagues next week?" asked .John. John wanted to know........................................... ................................. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2. We wou]d reduce costs if we used less paper. Costs would ......................................... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3. Jane spends one hour a day sorting out the correspondence. Sorting out .............................. ............................... .............. ............ 4. Nobody could move the photocopier It was too heavy. The photocopier \vas ............. ........... 5. He checked the report for the last time and then went to the meeting. After checking ................ ~.......... 6. Don't try to persuade him because there's no point in it. There's no point ..................... .............. 7. Thank you for helping me. It was very kind... ...................................... 8. My assistant docs typing faster than me. I don't type as ...... ............. 9. The reason why I sent them a fax was to give them the information at once. In order to give ............ .................................. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10. Because there has been an error in the shipping department, their order \vi]1 ha\'~ to bechecked again. Due to . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .............. Practice test J4 SECTION 3: TRANSLATION (15 marks) Translate the following sentences into English. 1. T(!.othem viec lam la yeu to thiet yeu de cai thien dieu kiEinsong va an sinh xa hai a cac vung nang than. ....................................... . , . . . , , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ........................ 2. He thong ngan hang cua Viet Nam can phai du<;Icsua doi de dap Ling nhu cau moi cua nen kinh te. ............ .................. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ................................. ........................................... 3. Chien tranh gia ca giua cac hang hiing khang dang rat quyet liet va moi hang deu co chien lu<;lcrieng cua minh dEid(!.tdudC thi phEin. ........................................................................ ......................................................................................................... 4. Cham nhat la nam 2003, so IU<;lngcang ty quoc doanh S8 phai dU<;Iccat giam it nhat 40% .......................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................... 5. Nen kinh te Viet Nam hien nay can cac cang ty quoc doanh thuc su manh va chI nhO'ng cang ty m(!.nh mol co the dong vai tro d,u dao. ......................................................................................................... ......................................................................... Translate the following sentences into Vietnamese 6. Travel by train between Vietnam and China is quite possible after the two countries have cooperated to organize cross-border trains. ............... ................................................................................................ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ~............................ .................... - -- - - - Tili /i~u c1nthi tie'ng Anh 7. A newspaper has reported that the Vietnamese and Chinese railroad sectors have agreed to organize a train for tourists every day from early this year to transport passengers from Vietnam to China and vice versa. ............................................................................................................................................... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8. The first route, Hanoi- Kunming, is expected to transport the first visitors by the upcomjng Lunar New Year. .......................................................................................... ............... .............. ............................................................................................................ ....................... 9. Travel agendes of-the two countries wil] attract customers to these rallwa.:v' vo.yages with high quaHty servkes and tour price discounts. . . .. . . .. . . . . .. . . . .. .. . . . . . . . . . . . .. . .. . . . . . . . . . .. ,....... ............................. , ,................................ ................ 10. In the near future, Vietnam-China tour prices will be reduced by at least] 0%. ,.................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. ............... This is the end of Practice test 14 94 discussed in charge of in through long worth I way of life what about L -.-.-.----- .-- we should seelng what happened attend on time manufacturing reach where with reference Practice test 15 PRACTICE TEST 15 PART 1: VOCABULARY AND READING COMPREHENSION SECTION 1: VOCABULARY (20 marks) lnstructions: Choose the best word/phrase in the box below to complete the sentences that follow. Each word/phrase can be used ONCE ONLY _.-~ '~~--'--" ~-- _ u n...__. _ I steadily if wi th 1. i\lthough the order arrived late, we were able to supply the goods ................ ............ 2. I never sign a letter before I have read it ............................ 3. You can me by telephone at any time this afternoon. 4. We're looking forward to your new TV advertisement. 5. to your order, we apologize for the delay. 6. What do you do for a living? -I'm computers. 7. He is both the Marketing Department and the Research and Development Department. 8. Every employee receives at least two or three days' training and all managers regular courses. 9. We prepared designs and them with the c1ients before we started production. 10. In 1966 Nissan set up its first foreign ... .................... operation in Mexico. 11. I'll find out and let you know 12. We're very sorry about this but it's not it. 13. Making 'real' coffee is an important part of the French ..Instant coffee is too casual. 14. I'd like a cheese sandwich, a chicken sandwich, and a cherry tart served chocolat(' sauce. 95 Tili li~u /}n thi tie'nX Anh 15. Most people prefer to shop... lhey can be sure of quality. SECTION 2: READING COMPREHENSION (30 marks) Instructions: There are 4 passages. Read each passage carefully and then answer the questions that follow. Write your answers in the provided space. Passage 1 Marks & Spencer (M&S) is Britain's favourite store. Tourists Jove it, too. It attracts a great variety of customers, from housewives to millionaires. The duchess of York, Dustin lIoffman, and the British Prime Minis1er arc just a few of its famous customers. Last year it made a profit of 529 mmion pounds, which is more than 10 million pounds a week. It all started 105 years ago, when a ,\'oung Polish immigrant, Michael Marks, had a stall in Leedsmarket. lie didn't have many things to sel1; some cotton, a little \vool, lots of buttons, and a few shoelaces. Ten years later, he met Tom Spencer and together they started staBs in many towns in the North of "ngJand, Today there, arc 564 branches of M&S all over the world in America, Canada, Spain, France, Belgium, and Hungary. 1. Who are Marks & Spencer's customers? .................... .................................................... .................................... 2. I low "much did Marks & Spencer carn a week last year? .......................................................................................................................................... 3. Where did Michael Marks come from'2 ...................................................... ............... ........... 4. How did Michael Marks develop his business? ................ ................... .............. 5. What word/phrase from the passage means "many different kinds "? .............. ................................ ........... Passage 2 An infant under two :years of age travelling on International Services accompan.ied by an adu1t and not occupying a separate scat is carried at 10(10 of the adult fare. Additional infants under two years of age accompanying the same adult, infants under two years of age occupying a separate scat and children of two years of age and above, but under twelvc years of age arc carried at 500/0 of the adult fare. A discount of 251;';0 of the normal tourist single, return or excursion fare is available to young people under the age of 1\\/cnt)' two. Passengers must report at the check-in desk and have all formalities completed 30 minutes before aircraft departure. Departures cannot be delaycd for passengers who arrive ]atc. 96 Practice test J5 6. How many kinds of reduction in fares arc shown in the passage? , ,........................................................................................... 7. Who does the airline charge] 0% of the adult fare? .............. 8. How much must a 10 year-old child pay for his/her flight? ................ ................ .................... 9. What do passengers have to do 30 minutes before the departure'? ................................................. ........... 10. Complete the sentence with ONE suitable word from the passage: ., There are only three cars for rent at the moment" Passage 3 The first digital computer was completed in 1944. Since that lime, there have been many changes. Now computers arc smaller, cheaper, and more common. There are few people who have not worked with a computer, either directly or indirectl.y. Banks, businesses, hospitals, large libraries, univers'ities, and airlines aU use computers. Most universities in tile United States use computers for registration. I\t the same time, computers grade and score many large exams, such as the TOEFL. Libraries also use computers to check out books. In other words. computers have become part of daily life. 11. According to the passage, do most people use computers? ................................................................................................... . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .................. 12. Did digital computers use to be expensive? ............................................................................................. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ] 3. What arc the uses of computers in education in the United States? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ................................................................ 14. What docs "that time" in ''Since that time, there have been many changes" refer to? .................. 15. Whieh word in the passage means "popular" .................................................................................................. ...................................... 97 -Tai li~u on {hi titn Anh Passage 4 In Japan, there is a close relationship bctween the worker and his company. r<:mployccs work hard and do hours of unpaid overtime to make their firm more efficient. If necessary, they give up weekends \vith the family to go on business trips. They arc loyal to their organi~ations and totall,y involved with them. For example, many of them live in company houses, their friends arc people they wGrk with, and in their spare time they do sports and other activities organizcd by their employers. Generally, when a person joins a firm after leaving high school or university, he expects to stay with that firm until he retires. lie has a secure job for life. Therefore, he will not bc laid off if the company no longer needs him because there is' no work. Instead. it will retrain him for another position. 16. What are the main qualities of Japanese workers? .................................................................. ............ 17. Give one exaITlple to show that ~Japanesc workers are hard working ones. .................................................................................................................................................. 18. Why do Japaneseworkers expect to stay with their firms until thcy retire? , ,................................................................... 19. What happens to a ,Japanese if his company does not need him any longer? ............................................................................................................................................... 20. What is the passage about? ...................... SECTION 3: READING CLOZE (lOmarks) Instructions: Complete the following passage with the missing words. Fill in each blank with ONE_suitable word only. George Wong comes (1) Taiwan but he Jives in Hongkong. He's 40 years of (21 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . , very successful , and (3) ................... loves his job. He is Chairman of Parkview, (41 ......................... property devc1opment, ship building, and car distribution business. In his (5) time George listens to rock music. lIe (61 ............ 10 cars, including a Ferrari 512Tl~, three Mercedes, and a Mini. It is an unusual Mini (71 it has a television, fridge and karaoke machine insjdc. George hates numbers. lIe says he's bad at (8) like balance sheets and income statements, (9) he also hates tics. lie never (10) ties. 98 Practice test J5 PART 2; WRITING SECTION 1: CONTROLLED WRITING (10 marks) Instructions: From the following sets of words and phrases in the given sequences, make all the changes and additions necessary to produce sentences, which together make a complete letter. Note carefully from the example what kind of changes need to be made. Write each sentence in the space provided. Example: I be / happy / get / letter / offer me / job / your com pany Answer: J was happy when J got your letter in which you oJJer me a job in your company 1. I please / offer you / position / personal assistant / General Manager / Shell Company. ............................................................................. ............ 2. Your salary / be / 6,000 USD / per year. ............................................................................... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ............ 3. This offer / make / subject to / medical examination. ............................................................................................................................................... 4. Other conditions / your employment / set out / enclosed booklet. ................. ............. 5. you / please / sign / enclosed form / return it / me. .......................................................................... ............... 6. We / would like / you / commence employment / 10 October. ................................................................................................................. 7. Please / report / Reception / Shell head office / 9.30 a.m. .................................................................................................................................................. 8. I / would like / take opportunity / welcome / you / Shell Company. .................. 9. I / look forward / meet you / again / Octoher. ....................... 10. Please / do not / hesitate / contact me / jf / there be / points / you / would like / discuss. .................................................................................................................................................. 99 Tili li~u (jn thi titng Anh SECTION 2; SENTENCE TRANSFORMATION (15 marks) Instructions: Use the words given to rewrite each of the following sentences in such a way that it means exactly the same as the original sentences. 1. "lias the second shipment arrived yet?" asked Anna. Anna aske~ " " "" ...... 2. Unless he phones hcr immediately, he won't get any information. If he ..... ............. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3. I-<cading economics books is one of my interests. I'm............... ............ 4. lIenry regretted buying the second ~hand machine. Hcnrv wished. ................................................................................. ....... 5. The gate is closed to stop the strangers breaking into the \varehouse. The gate is closed so that ............................. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6. ! advise you to put your money in the bank. You'd ... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .............. 7. Although hc had a good salary, he was unhappy with his job. In spite of .......... .....................-........................................................................................... 8. The group is making similar investments in other parts of the world. Similar investments. ....................... ................ ................... 9. /\ single person couldn't lift the package because it was very heavy'. The package was so ................................................... ............... ................ 10. I sent them a fax in order to give them the information at once. The reason why' .......... ................................................................ ............ Jilil Practice test /5 SECTION 3: TRANSLATION (15marks) Translate the following sentences into English 1. C6 nhieu cd hoi eha cae nha dau tLlnLloe ngaa'i khi Viet nam bat dau mo cua vaa diiu thap ky 90. ................................................ ............ ............ ............ ............... .............. 2. Thanh pho He Chi Minh se c6 nhieu bien phap nham cai thien moi trLlong dau tu trang thoi gian sap toi. ............. .............. ............................. ........... 3. Hai thang mot Ian ehinh quyen thanh pho gap g6 cae nha dau tu de lang nghe nhung kh6 khan eua ha va giup tlm bien phap giai quyet. ........................ ............ ............ ............. 4. Trang bon thang diiu nam 2000, thanh pho He chi Minh da cap giay phep cha 14 du an dau tu' nUoc ngaai. ............ ............ . . . . . . . . . . . . ............ ....................................... ............ 5. Hang xuat khau eua thanh pho eung tang 40% trang ba thang vU'aqua. ........................................ ............................. ................ ........... ........... Translate the following sentences into Vietnamese 6. The production of fresh fruits and vegetables is an industry of great potentia1. ............................................ .................................. ................ ............... 7. Vietnam produces large quantities of fresh produce which could retch high rrices if shirred to distant markets or supplied out of season. ................................................................. 101 To; l;~u on [hi [ie'n Anh 8. lIowever, difficulties in storage and transport are responsible for large post harvest losses. .................................................................................................................................................. ......................................... 9. While figures quoted by the Ministry of Agriculture suggest that around 20-25% is lost, the true figure may be much higher. ........................................................................................... ............................................. ............................................................................................................. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10. As a result, research on methods of preserving fresh fruits and vegetables is not only of scientific interest, but is of considerable practical benefit. .................................... ................................................................................................................................................ This is the end of Practice test 15 102

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